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    Romania Geography - 1991

      Total area: 237,500 km2
      land area: 230,340 km2

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundaries: 2,904 km total
      Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, USSR 1,307 km, Yugoslavia 546 km

      Coastline: 225 km

      Maritime claims: Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
      Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: temperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms

      Terrain: central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the plain of Moldavia on the east by the Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps

      Natural resources: crude oil (reserves being exhausted), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt

      Land use: arable land 43%; permanent crops 3%; meadows and pastures 19%; forest and woodland 28%; other 7%; includes irrigated 11%

      Environment: frequent earthquakes most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides, air pollution in south

      Note: controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans and western USSR

      NOTE: The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Romania Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)