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    Romania Government - 1991
    https://theodora.com/wfb1991/romania/romania_government.html
    SOURCE: 1991 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Long-form name: none

      Type: in transition from Communist state to republic

      Capital: Bucharest

      Administrative divisions: 40 counties (judete, singular--judet) and 1 municipality* (municipiu); Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Bucuresti*, Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dimbovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Vilcea, Vrancea

      Independence: 1881 (from Turkey); republic proclaimed 30 December 1947

      Constitution: 21 August 1965; new constitution being drafted

      Legal system: former mixture of civil law system and Communist legal theory that increasingly reflected Romanian traditions is being revised

      National holiday: National Day of Romania, 1 December (1990)

      Executive branch: president, vice president, prime minister, Council of Ministers (cabinet)

      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of an upper house or Senate (Senat) and a lower house or House of Deputies (Adunarea Deputatilor)

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice

      Leaders: Chief of State--President Ion ILIESCU (since 20 June 1990, previously President of Provisional Council of National Unity since 23 December 1989); Head of Government--Prime Minister Teodor STOLOJAN (since 2 October 1991)

      Political parties and leaders: National Salvation Front (FSN), Ion STOICA; Magyar Democratic Union (UDMR), Geza DOMOKOS; National Liberal Party (PNL), Radu CAMPEANU; National Peasants' Christian and Democratic Party (PNTCD), Corneliu COPOSU; Ecology Movement (MER), leader NA; Romanian National Unity Party (AUR), Radu CEONTEA; there are now more than 100 other parties; note--although the Communist Party has ceased to exist, a small proto-Communist party, the Socialist Labor Party, has been formed

      Suffrage: universal at age 18

      Elections: President--last held 20 May 1990 (next to be held NA 1992); results--Ion ILIESCU 85%, Radu CAMPEANU 10.5%, Ion RATIU 3.8%; Senate--last held 20 May 1990 (next to be held NA 1992); results--FSN 67%, other 33%; seats--(118 total) FSN 92, UDMR 12, PNL 9, AUR 2, PNTCD 1, MER 1, other 1; House of Deputies--last held 20 May 1990 (next to be held NA 1992); results--FSN 66%, UDMR 7%, PNL 6%, MER 2%, PNTCD 2%, AUR 2%, other 15%; seats--(387 total) FSN 263, UDMR 29, PNL 29, PNTCD 12, MER 12, AUR 9, other 33

      Communists: 3,400,000 (November 1984); Communist Party has ceased to exist

      Member of: BIS, CCC, CSCE, ECE, FAO, G-9, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBEC, IBRD, ICAO, IFAD, IFC, IIB, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, LORCS, NAM (guest), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

      Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Virgil CONSTANTINESCU; Chancery at 1607 23rd Street NW, Washington DC 20008; telephone (202) 232-4747; US--Ambassador Alan GREEN, Jr.; Embassy at Strada Tudor Arghezi 7-9, Bucharest (mailing address is APO New York 09213); telephone [40] (0) 10-40-40

      Flag: three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; the national coat of arms that used to be centered in the yellow band, has been removed; now similar to the flags of Andorra and Chad

      NOTE: The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Romania Government 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania Government 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb1991/romania/romania_government.html

    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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