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    Romania People - 1991

      Population: 23,397,054 (July 1991), growth rate 0.5% (1991)

      Birth rate: 16 births/1,000 population (1991)

      Death rate: 10 deaths/1,000 population (1991)

      Net migration rate: - 1 migrant/1,000 population (1991)

      Infant mortality rate: 18 deaths/1,000 live births (1991)

      Life expectancy at birth: 69 years male, 75 years female (1991)

      Total fertility rate: 2.1 children born/woman (1991)

      Nationality: noun--Romanian(s); adjective--Romanian

      Ethnic divisions: Romanian 89.1%; Hungarian 8.9%; German 0.4%; Ukrainian, Serb, Croat, Russian, Turk, and Gypsy 1.6%

      Religion: Romanian Orthodox 70%, Roman Catholic 6%, Greek Catholic (Uniate) 3%, Protestant 6%, unaffiliated 15%

      Language: Romanian, Hungarian, German

      Literacy: 96% (male NA%, female NA%) age 15 and over can read and write (1970 est.)

      Labor force: 10,690,000; industry 34%, agriculture 28%, other 38% (1987)

      Organized labor: until December 1989, a single trade union system organized by the General Confederation of Romanian Trade Unions (UGSR) under control of the Communist Party; since Ceausescu's overthrow, newly-created trade and professional trade unions are joining three umbrella organizations--Organization of Free Trade Unions, Fratia (Brotherhood), and the Alfa Cortel; many other trade unions have been formed

      NOTE: The information regarding Romania on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Romania People 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Romania People 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)