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    Algeria Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/algeria/algeria_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: The hydrocarbons sector is the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 60% of budget revenues, 30% of GDP, and over 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the fifth-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the second-largest gas exporter; it ranks 14th in oil reserves. Algeria's financial and economic indicators improved during the mid-1990s, in part because of policy reforms supported by the IMF and debt rescheduling from the Paris Club. Algeria's finances in 2000-03 benefited from substantial trade surpluses, record foreign exchange reserves, and reductions in foreign debt. Real GDP has risen due to higher oil output and increased government spending. The government's continued efforts to diversify the economy by attracting foreign and domestic investment outside the energy sector, however, has had little success in reducing high unemployment and improving living standards.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $167 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $5,300 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 8%
      industry: 60%
      services: 32% (2002 est.)


      Population below poverty line: 23% (1999 est.)


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.8%
      highest 10%: 26.8% (1995)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 35.3 (1995)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 9.4 million (2001 est.)


      Labor force - by occupation: government 29%, agriculture 25%, construction and public works 15%, industry 11%, other 20% (1996 est.)


      Unemployment rate: 31% (2002 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $20.3 billion
      expenditures: $18.8 billion, including capital expenditures of $5.8 billion (2001 est.)


      Industries: petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing


      Industrial production growth rate: 6% (2001 est.)


      Electricity - production: 24.69 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 99.7%
      hydro: 0.3%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 22.9 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 340 million kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 275 million kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 1.52 million bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 209,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Oil - proved reserves: 13.1 billion bbl (January 2002 est.)


      Natural gas - proved reserves: 4.739 trillion cu m (January 2002 est.)


      Agriculture - products: wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle


      Exports: $19.5 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Exports - commodities: petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97%


      Exports - partners: Italy 22.8%, France 14.6%, Spain 13.9%, US 13.9%, Brazil (2001)


      Imports: $10.6 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Imports - commodities: capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods


      Imports - partners: France 37.3%, US 11.3%, Italy 10.0%, Germany 7.6%, Spain (2001)


      Debt - external: $21.6 billion (2002 est.)


      Economic aid - recipient: $162 million (2000 est.)


      Currency: Algerian dinar (DZD)


      Currency code: DZD


      Exchange rates: Algerian dinars per US dollar - 79.6819 (2002), 77.215 (2001), 75.2598 (2000), 66.5739 (1999), 58.739 (1998)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Algeria on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Algeria Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/algeria/algeria_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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