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    Azerbaijan Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/azerbaijan/azerbaijan_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: Azerbaijan's number one export is oil. Azerbaijan's oil production declined through 1997 but has registered an increase every year since. Negotiation of production-sharing arrangements (PSAs) with foreign firms, which have thus far committed $60 billion to long-term oilfield development, should generate the funds needed to spur future industrial development. Oil production under the first of these PSAs, with the Azerbaijan International Operating Company, began in November 1997. Azerbaijan shares all the formidable problems of the former Soviet republics in making the transition from a command to a market economy, but its considerable energy resources brighten its long-term prospects. Baku has only recently begun making progress on economic reform, and old economic ties and structures are slowly being replaced. One obstacle to economic progress is the need for stepped up foreign investment in the non-energy sector. A second obstacle is the continuing conflict with Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region. Trade with Russia and the other former Soviet republics is declining in importance while trade is building with Turkey and the nations of Europe. Long-term prospects will depend on world oil prices, the location of new pipelines in the region, and Azerbaijan's ability to manage its oil wealth.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $27 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 6.1% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,500 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 20%
      industry: 33%
      services: 47% (2001 est.)


      Population below poverty line: 49% (2002 est.)


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.8%
      highest 10%: 27.8% (1995)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 36 (1995)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.6% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 3.7 million (2001)


      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture and forestry 41%, industry 7%, services 52% (2001)


      Unemployment rate: 16% (official rate is 1.1% for 2002) (2001 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $786 million
      expenditures: $807 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001)


      Industries: petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore, cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles


      Industrial production growth rate: 6% (2002 est.)


      Electricity - production: 18.23 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 89.7%
      hydro: 10.3%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 16.65 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 700 million kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 400 million kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 307,200 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 140,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Oil - proved reserves: 589 million bbl (January 2002 est.)


      Natural gas - proved reserves: 62.3 billion cu m (January 2002 est.)


      Agriculture - products: cotton, grain, rice, grapes, fruit, vegetables, tea, tobacco; cattle, pigs, sheep, goats


      Exports: $2 billion f.o.b. (2002)


      Exports - commodities: oil and gas 90%, machinery, cotton, foodstuffs


      Exports - partners: Italy 57.2%, Israel 7.1%, Georgia 4.5%, Russia 3.4%, Turkey 2.9% (2001)


      Imports: $1.8 billion f.o.b. (2002)


      Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, oil products, foodstuffs, metals, chemicals


      Imports - partners: US 16.1%, Russia 10.7%, Turkey 10.4%, Kazakhstan 7.0%, Germany 5.1% (2001)


      Debt - external: $1.4 billion (2002)


      Economic aid - recipient: ODA, $140 million (2000 est.)


      Currency: Azerbaijani manat (AZM)


      Currency code: AZM


      Exchange rates: Azerbaijani manats per US dollar - 4,860.82 (2002), 4,656.58 (2001), 4,474.15 (2000), 4,120.17 (1999), 3,869 (1998)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Azerbaijan on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Azerbaijan Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/azerbaijan/azerbaijan_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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