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    Bolivia Geography - 2003

      Location: Central South America, southwest of Brazil

      Geographic coordinates: 17 00 S, 65 00 W

      Map references: South America

      Area: total: 1,098,580 sq km
      water: 14,190 sq km
      land: 1,084,390 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Montana

      Land boundaries: total: 6,743 km
      border countries: Argentina 832 km, Brazil 3,400 km, Chile 861 km, Paraguay 750 km, Peru 900 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: varies with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid

      Terrain: rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Rio Paraguay 90 m
      highest point: Nevado Sajama 6,542 m

      Natural resources: tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower

      Land use: arable land: 1.73%
      permanent crops: 0.21%
      other: 98.06% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,280 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: flooding in the northeast (March-April)

      Environment - current issues: the clearing of land for agricultural purposes and the international demand for tropical timber are contributing to deforestation; soil erosion from overgrazing and poor cultivation methods (including slash-and-burn agriculture); desertification; loss of biodiversity; industrial pollution of water supplies used for drinking and irrigation

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection

      Geography - note: landlocked; shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake (elevation 3,805 m), with Peru

      NOTE: The information regarding Bolivia on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bolivia Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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