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    Botswana Geography - 2003

      Location: Southern Africa, north of South Africa

      Geographic coordinates: 22 00 S, 24 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 600,370 sq km
      water: 15,000 sq km
      land: 585,370 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries: total: 4,013 km
      border countries: Namibia 1,360 km, South Africa 1,840 km, Zimbabwe 813 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: semiarid; warm winters and hot summers

      Terrain: predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers 513 m
      highest point: Tsodilo Hills 1,489 m

      Natural resources: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

      Land use: arable land: 0.61%
      permanent crops: 0.01%
      other: 99.38% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility

      Environment - current issues: overgrazing; desertification; limited fresh water resources

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: landlocked; population concentrated in eastern part of the country

      NOTE: The information regarding Botswana on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Botswana Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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