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    Ethiopia Geography - 2003

      Location: Eastern Africa, west of Somalia

      Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 38 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 1,127,127 sq km
      water: 7,444 sq km
      land: 1,119,683 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries: total: 5,328 km
      border countries: Djibouti 349 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 861 km, Somalia 1,600 km, Sudan 1,606 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation

      Terrain: high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Denakil Depression -125 m
      highest point: Ras Dejen 4,620 m

      Natural resources: small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower

      Land use: arable land: 9.9%
      permanent crops: 0.65%
      other: 89.45% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,900 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water shortages in some areas from water-intensive farming and poor management

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note: landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993; the Blue Nile, the chief headstream of the Nile by water volume, rises in T'ana Hayk (Lake Tana) in northwest Ethiopia; three major crops are believed to have originated in Ethiopia: coffee, grain sorghum, and castor bean

      NOTE: The information regarding Ethiopia on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ethiopia Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)