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    Finland Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/finland/finland_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: Finland has a highly industrialized, largely free-market economy, with per capita output roughly that of the UK, France, Germany, and Italy. Its key economic sector is manufacturing - principally the wood, metals, engineering, telecommunications, and electronics industries. Trade is important, with exports equaling almost one-third of GDP. Except for timber and several minerals, Finland depends on imports of raw materials, energy, and some components for manufactured goods. Because of the climate, agricultural development is limited to maintaining self-sufficiency in basic products. Forestry, an important export earner, provides a secondary occupation for the rural population. Rapidly increasing integration with Western Europe - Finland was one of the 11 countries joining the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) on 1 January 1999 - will dominate the economic picture over the next several years. Growth in 2002 was held back by the global slowdown but will pick up in 2003 provided the world economy suffers no further blows.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $136.2 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 1.1% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $26,200 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 4%
      industry: 34%
      services: 62% (2002 est.)


      Population below poverty line: NA%


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 4.2%
      highest 10%: 21.6% (1991)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 25.6 (1991)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.9% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 2.6 million (2000 est.)


      Labor force - by occupation: public services 32%, industry 22%, commerce 14%, finance, insurance, and business services 10%, agriculture and forestry 8%, transport and communications 8%, construction 6%


      Unemployment rate: 8.5% (2002 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $36.1 billion
      expenditures: $31 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)


      Industries: metal products, electronics, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, copper refining, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing


      Industrial production growth rate: 5% (2002 est.)


      Electricity - production: 71.2 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 39%
      hydro: 18.7%
      other: 11.9% (2001)
      nuclear: 30.4%


      Electricity - consumption: 76.18 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 1.81 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 11.77 billion kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 211,400 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: 101,000 bbl/day (2001)


      Oil - imports: 318,300 bbl/day (2001)


      Agriculture - products: barley, wheat, sugar beets, potatoes; dairy cattle; fish


      Exports: $40.1 billion f.o.b. (2002)


      Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals; timber, paper, pulp (1999)


      Exports - partners: Germany 12.4%, US 9.7%, UK 9.6%, Sweden 8.4%, Russia 5.9%, France 4.6% (2001)


      Imports: $31.8 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, transport equipment, iron and steel, machinery, textile yarn and fabrics, grains (1999)


      Imports - partners: Germany 14.5%, Sweden 10.2%, Russia 9.4%, UK 6.4%, France 4.5%, US 4.2% (2001)


      Debt - external: $30 billion (December 1993)


      Currency: euro (EUR)
      note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries


      Currency code: EUR


      Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Finland on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Finland Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/finland/finland_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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