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    Finland Geography - 2003

      Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia

      Geographic coordinates: 64 00 N, 26 00 E

      Map references: Europe

      Area: total: 337,030 sq km
      water: 31,560 sq km
      land: 305,470 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Montana

      Land boundaries: total: 2,628 km
      border countries: Norway 729 km, Sweden 586 km, Russia 1,313 km

      Coastline: 1,126 km (excludes islands and coastal indentations)

      Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM; extends to continental shelf boundary with Sweden
      territorial sea: 12 NM (in the Gulf of Finland - 3 NM)

      Climate: cold temperate; potentially subarctic, but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes

      Terrain: mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Halti 1,328 m

      Natural resources: timber, copper, zinc, iron ore, silver

      Land use: arable land: 6.98%
      permanent crops: 0.01%
      other: 93.01% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 640 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: air pollution from manufacturing and power plants contributing to acid rain; water pollution from industrial wastes, agricultural chemicals; habitat loss threatens wildlife populations

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note: long boundary with Russia; Helsinki is northernmost national capital on European continent; population concentrated on small southwestern coastal plain

      NOTE: The information regarding Finland on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Finland Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)