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    Gabon Geography - 2003

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea

      Geographic coordinates: 1 00 S, 11 45 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 267,667 sq km
      water: 10,000 sq km
      land: 257,667 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Colorado

      Land boundaries: total: 2,551 km
      border countries: Cameroon 298 km, Republic of the Congo 1,903 km, Equatorial Guinea 350 km

      Coastline: 885 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: tropical; always hot, humid

      Terrain: narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mont Iboundji 1,575 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower

      Land use: arable land: 1.26%
      permanent crops: 0.66%
      other: 98.08% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 150 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; poaching

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: a small population and oil and mineral reserves have helped Gabon become one of Africa's wealthier countries; in general, these circumstances have allowed the country to maintain and conserve its pristine rain forest and rich biodiversity

      NOTE: The information regarding Gabon on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gabon Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)