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    Honduras Geography - 2003

      Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua

      Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 86 30 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      Area: total: 112,090 sq km
      land: 111,890 sq km
      water: 200 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee

      Land boundaries: total: 1,520 km
      border countries: Guatemala 256 km, El Salvador 342 km, Nicaragua 922 km

      Coastline: 820 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: natural extension of territory or to 200 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate: subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains

      Terrain: mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m

      Natural resources: timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower

      Land use: arable land: 15.15%
      permanent crops: 3.13%
      other: 81.72% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 760 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast

      Environment - current issues: urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water), as well as several rivers and streams, with heavy metals

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: has only a short Pacific coast but a long Caribbean shoreline, including the virtually uninhabited eastern Mosquito Coast

      NOTE: The information regarding Honduras on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Honduras Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)