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    Jamaica Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/jamaica/jamaica_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: The economy, which depends heavily on tourism and bauxite, has been stagnant since 1995. After five years of recession, the economy inched ahead, by 0.8% in 2000, 1.7% in 2001, and 0.8% in 2002; the global economic slowdown, particularly in the United States after the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, has stunted the economic recovery. Serious problems include: high interest rates; increased foreign competition; a pressured, sometimes sliding, exchange rate; a widening merchandise trade deficit; and a growing internal debt, the result of government bailouts to various ailing sectors of the economy, particularly the financial sector. Depressed economic conditions have led to increased civil unrest, including serious violent crime. Jamaica's medium-term prospects will depend upon encouraging investment and tourism, maintaining a competitive exchange rate, selling off reacquired firms, and implementing proper fiscal and monetary policies.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $10 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 0.4% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,900 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 6%
      industry: 31%
      services: 63% (2002)


      Population below poverty line: 34.2% (1992 est.)


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.7%
      highest 10%: 30.3% (2000)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 37.9 (2000)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 1.13 million (1998)


      Labor force - by occupation: services 60%, agriculture 21%, industry 19% (1998)


      Unemployment rate: 15.4% (2002 est.)


      Budget: revenues: $2.23 billion
      expenditures: $2.56 billion, including capital expenditures of $232.5 million (FY99/00 est.)


      Industries: tourism, bauxite, textiles, food processing, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products


      Industrial production growth rate: -2% (2000 est.)


      Electricity - production: 6.272 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 96.8%
      hydro: 1.8%
      other: 1.4% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 5.833 billion kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 66,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Agriculture - products: sugarcane, bananas, coffee, citrus, potatoes, vegetables; poultry, goats, milk


      Exports: $1.4 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Exports - commodities: alumina, bauxite; sugar, bananas, rum


      Exports - partners: US 35.7%, EU (excluding UK) 15.9%, UK 13%, Canada 10.5% (1999)


      Imports: $3.1 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, fuel, food, chemicals, fertilizers


      Imports - partners: US 47.8%, Caricom countries 12.4%, EU 8%, Latin America 7.2% (1999)


      Debt - external: $5.3 billion (2002 est.)


      Economic aid - recipient: NA


      Currency: Jamaican dollar (JMD)


      Currency code: JMD


      Exchange rates: Jamaican dollars per US dollar - 48.4159 (2002), 45.9962 (2001), 42.7011 (2000), 39.0435 (1999), 36.55 (1998)


      Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March


      NOTE: The information regarding Jamaica on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Jamaica Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/jamaica/jamaica_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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