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    Jamaica Geography - 2003

      Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

      Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 77 30 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      Area: total: 10,991 sq km
      land: 10,831 sq km
      water: 160 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 1,022 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge of the continental margin
      contiguous zone: 24 NM

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior

      Terrain: mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Blue Mountain Peak 2,256 m

      Natural resources: bauxite, gypsum, limestone

      Land use: arable land: 16.07%
      permanent crops: 9.23%
      other: 74.7% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 250 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: hurricanes (especially July to November)

      Environment - current issues: heavy rates of deforestation; coastal waters polluted by industrial waste, sewage, and oil spills; damage to coral reefs; air pollution in Kingston results from vehicle emissions

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic location between Cayman Trench and Jamaica Channel, the main sea lanes for the Panama Canal

      NOTE: The information regarding Jamaica on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Jamaica Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)