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    Korea, North Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/korea_north/korea_north_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Eastern Asia, northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, between China and South Korea


      Geographic coordinates: 40 00 N, 127 00 E


      Map references: Asia


      Area: total: 120,540 sq km
      water: 130 sq km
      land: 120,410 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Mississippi


      Land boundaries: total: 1,673 km
      border countries: China 1,416 km, South Korea 238 km, Russia 19 km


      Coastline: 2,495 km


      Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      note: military boundary line 50 NM in the Sea of Japan and the exclusive economic zone limit in the Yellow Sea where all foreign vessels and aircraft without permission are banned


      Climate: temperate with rainfall concentrated in summer


      Terrain: mostly hills and mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys; coastal plains wide in west, discontinuous in east


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m
      highest point: Paektu-san 2,744 m


      Natural resources: coal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, salt, fluorspar, hydropower


      Land use: arable land: 14.12%
      permanent crops: 2.49%
      other: 83.39% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 14,600 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: late spring droughts often followed by severe flooding; occasional typhoons during the early fall


      Environment - current issues: water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water; water-borne disease; deforestation; soil erosion and degradation


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea


      Geography - note: strategic location bordering China, South Korea, and Russia; mountainous interior is isolated and sparsely populated


      NOTE: The information regarding Korea, North on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea, North Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/korea_north/korea_north_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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