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    Korea, North Government - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/korea_north/korea_north_government.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name: conventional long form: Democratic People's Republic of Korea
      conventional short form: North Korea
      local short form: none
      local long form: Choson-minjujuui-inmin-konghwaguk
      note: the North Koreans generally use the term "Choson" to refer to their country
      abbreviation: DPRK


      Government type: authoritarian socialist; one-man dictatorship


      Capital: Pyongyang


      Administrative divisions: 9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 4 special cities* (si, singular and plural); Chagang-do (Chagang Province), Hamgyong-bukto (North Hamgyong Province), Hamgyong-namdo (South Hamgyong Province), Hwanghae-bukto (North Hwanghae Province), Hwanghae-namdo (South Hwanghae Province), Kaesong-si* (Kaesong City), Kangwon-do (Kangwon Province), Najin Sonbong-si*, Namp'o-si* (Namp'o City), P'yongan-bukto (North P'yongan Province), P'yongan-namdo (South P'yongan Province), P'yongyang-si* (Pyongyang City), Yanggang-do (Yanggang Province)


      Independence: 15 August 1945 (from Japan)


      National holiday: Founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), 9 September (1948)


      Constitution: adopted 1948, completely revised 27 December 1972, revised again in April 1992 and September 1998


      Legal system: based on German civil law system with Japanese influences and Communist legal theory; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


      Suffrage: 17 years of age; universal


      Executive branch: chief of state: KIM Chong-il (since NA July 1994); note - in September 1998, KIM Chong-il was reelected Chairman of the National Defense Commission, a position accorded the nation's "highest administrative authority"; KIM Yong-nam was named President of the Supreme People's Assembly Presidium and given the responsibility of representing the state and receiving diplomatic credentials
      elections: premier elected by the Supreme People's Assembly; election last held NA September 1998 (next to be held NA)
      election results: HONG Song-nam elected premier; percent of Supreme People's Assembly vote - NA%
      cabinet: Cabinet (Naegak), members, except for the Minister of People's Armed Forces, are appointed by the Supreme People's Assembly
      head of government: Premier HONG Song-nam (since 5 September 1998); Vice Premiers CHO Ch'ang-tok (since NA), KWAK Pom-ki (since NA), Sin IL-nam (since NA April 2002)


      Legislative branch: unicameral Supreme People's Assembly or Ch'oego Inmin Hoeui (687 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      elections: last held 26 July 1998 (next to be held NA 2003)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - the KWP approves a single list of candidates who are elected without opposition; minor parties hold a few seats


      Judicial branch: Central Court (judges are elected by the Supreme People's Assembly)


      Political parties and leaders: Chondoist Chongu Party [YU Mi-yong, chairwoman]; Korean Social Democratic Party [KIM Yong-tae, chairman]; major party - Korean Workers' Party or KWP [KIM Chong-il, general secretary]


      Political pressure groups and leaders: NA


      International organization participation: ARF (dialogue partner), ESCAP, FAO, G-77, ICAO, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, IMO, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO


      Diplomatic representation in the US: none; note - North Korea has a Permanent Mission to the UN in New York


      Diplomatic representation from the US: none (Swedish Embassy in P'yongyang represents the US as consular protecting power)


      Flag description: three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in white; on the hoist side of the red band is a white disk with a red five-pointed star

      NOTE: The information regarding Korea, North on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea, North Government 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/korea_north/korea_north_government.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
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