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    Korea, South Government - 2003

      Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Korea
      conventional short form: South Korea
      local short form: none
      note: the South Koreans generally use the term "Han'guk" to refer to their country
      local long form: Taehan-min'guk
      abbreviation: ROK

      Government type: republic

      Capital: Seoul

      Administrative divisions: 9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 7 metropolitan cities* (gwangyoksi, singular and plural); Cheju-do, Cholla-bukto, Cholla-namdo, Ch'ungch'ong-bukto, Ch'ungch'ong-namdo, Inch'on-gwangyoksi*, Kangwon-do, Kwangju-gwangyoksi*, Kyonggi-do, Kyongsang-bukto, Kyongsang-namdo, Pusan-gwangyoksi*, Soul-t'ukpyolsi*, Taegu-gwangyoksi*, Taejon-gwangyoksi*, Ulsan-gwangyoksi*

      Independence: 15 August 1945 (from Japan)

      National holiday: Liberation Day, 15 August (1945)

      Constitution: 17 July 1948

      Legal system: combines elements of continental European civil law systems, Anglo-American law, and Chinese classical thought

      Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal

      Executive branch: chief of state: President NO Muh-hyun (since 25 February 2003)
      head of government: Prime Minister KO Kun (since 27 February 2003); Deputy Prime Minister KIM Chin-p'yo (since 27 February 2003)
      cabinet: State Council appointed by the president on the prime minister's recommendation
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a single five-year term; election last held 19 December 2002 (next to be held NA December 2007); prime minister appointed by the president; deputy prime ministers appointed by the president on the prime minister's recommendation
      election results: results of the 19 December 2002 election - NO Muh-hyun elected president, took office 25 February 2003; percent of vote - NO Muh-hyun (MDP) 48.9%; YI Hoe-ch'ang (GNP) 46.6%; other 4.5%

      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Kukhoe (273 seats total - 227 elected by direct, popular vote; members serve four-year terms); note - beginning in 2004, all members will be directly elected; possible redistricting before 2004 may affect the number of seats in the National Assembly
      elections: last held 13 April 2000 (next to be held NA April 2004)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - GNP 133, MDP 115, ULD 17, other 8; note - the distribution of seats as of April 2003 was: GNP 153, MDP 101, ULD 11, DPP 1, PPR 1, independents 5; one seat vacant

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court (justices are appointed by the president with the consent of the National Assembly)

      Political parties and leaders: Democratic People's Party or DPP [leader NA]; Grand National Party or GNP [PAK Hui-t'ae, chairman]; Millennium Democratic Party or MDP [CHONG Tae-ch'ol, chairman]; People's Party for Reform or PPR [KIM Won-ung, chairman]; United Liberal Democrats or ULD [KIM Chong-p'il, president]

      Political pressure groups and leaders: Federation of Korean Industries; Federation of Korean Trade Unions; Korean Confederation of Trade Unions; Korean National Council of Churches; Korean Traders Association; Korean Veterans' Association; National Council of Labor Unions; National Democratic Alliance of Korea; National Federation of Farmers' Associations; National Federation of Student Associations

      International organization participation: AfDB, APEC, ARF (dialogue partner), AsDB, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, CP, EBRD, ESCAP, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IEA (observer), IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMISET, UNMOGIP, UNOMIG, UNU, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC

      Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador HAN Sung-chu
      consulate(s): New York, Tamuning (Guam)
      consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Honolulu, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, and Seattle
      FAX: [1] (202) 387-0205
      telephone: [1] (202) 939-5600
      chancery: 2450 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

      Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas C. HUBBARD
      embassy: 82 Sejong-ro, Chongro-ku, Seoul 110-710
      mailing address: American Embassy, Unit 15550, APO AP 96205-0001
      telephone: [82] (2) 397-4114
      FAX: [82] (2) 738-8845

      Flag description: white with a red (top) and blue yin-yang symbol in the center; there is a different black trigram from the ancient I Ching (Book of Changes) in each corner of the white field

      NOTE: The information regarding Korea, South on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea, South Government 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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