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    Niger Economy - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/niger/niger_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview: Niger is a poor, landlocked Sub-Saharan nation, whose economy centers on subsistence agriculture, animal husbandry, and reexport trade, and increasingly less on uranium, because of declining world demand. The 50% devaluation of the West African franc in January 1994 boosted exports of livestock, cowpeas, onions, and the products of Niger's small cotton industry. The government relies on bilateral and multilateral aid - which was suspended following the April 1999 coup d'etat - for operating expenses and public investment. In 2000-01, the World Bank approved a structural adjustment loan of $105 million to help support fiscal reforms. However, reforms could prove difficult given the government's bleak financial situation. The IMF approved a $73 million poverty reduction and growth facility for Niger in 2000 and announced $115 million in debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative. Further disbursements of aid occurred in 2002. Future growth may be sustained by exploitation of oil, gold, coal, and other mineral resources.


      GDP: purchasing power parity - $8.8 billion (2002 est.)


      GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2002 est.)


      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $830 (2002 est.)


      GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 39%
      industry: 17%
      services: 44% (2001)


      Population below poverty line: 63% (1993 est.)


      Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 0.8%
      highest 10%: 35.4% (1995)


      Distribution of family income - Gini index: 50.5 (1995)


      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3% (2002 est.)


      Labor force: 70,000 receive regular wages or salaries


      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 90%, industry and commerce 6%, government 4%


      Unemployment rate: NA%


      Budget: revenues: $320 million, including $134 million from foreign sources
      expenditures: $320 million, including capital expenditures of $178 million (2002 est.)


      Industries: uranium mining, cement, brick, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses


      Industrial production growth rate: NA%


      Electricity - production: 242 million kWh (2001)


      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
      hydro: 0%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%


      Electricity - consumption: 325.1 million kWh (2001)


      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2001)


      Electricity - imports: 100 million kWh (2001)


      Oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - consumption: 5,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)


      Oil - exports: NA (2001)


      Oil - imports: NA (2001)


      Agriculture - products: cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava (tapioca), rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry


      Exports: $293 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Exports - commodities: uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions


      Exports - partners: France 33.5%, Nigeria 30.5%, South Korea 18.7%, US 5.4%, Spain (2001)


      Imports: $368 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)


      Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum, cereals


      Imports - partners: France 18.6%, US 16.4%, Cote d'Ivoire 9.3%, Germany 9.3%, Nigeria (2001)


      Debt - external: $1.6 billion (1999 est.)


      Economic aid - recipient: $341 million (1997)


      Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States


      Currency code: XOF


      Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 696.988 (2002), 733.039 (2001), 711.976 (2000), 615.699 (1999), 589.952 (1998)


      Fiscal year: calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Niger on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Niger Economy 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/niger/niger_economy.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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