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    Niger Geography - 2003

      Location: Western Africa, southeast of Algeria

      Geographic coordinates: 16 00 N, 8 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 1.267 million sq km
      water: 300 sq km
      land: 1,266,700 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries: total: 5,697 km
      border countries: Algeria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina Faso 628 km, Chad 1,175 km, Libya 354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south

      Terrain: predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Niger River 200 m
      highest point: Mont Bagzane 2,022 m

      Natural resources: uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, petroleum

      Land use: arable land: 3.94%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 96.06% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 660 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: recurring droughts

      Environment - current issues: overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, giraffe, and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: landlocked; one of the hottest countries in the world: northern four-fifths is desert, southern one-fifth is savanna, suitable for livestock and limited agriculture

      NOTE: The information regarding Niger on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Niger Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)