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    South Africa Geography - 2003

      Location: Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa

      Geographic coordinates: 29 00 S, 24 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 1,219,912 sq km
      land: 1,219,912 sq km
      note: includes Prince Edward Islands (Marion Island and Prince Edward Island)
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

      Land boundaries: total: 4,862 km
      border countries: Botswana 1,840 km, Lesotho 909 km, Mozambique 491 km, Namibia 967 km, Swaziland 430 km, Zimbabwe 225 km

      Coastline: 2,798 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      Climate: mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights

      Terrain: vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Njesuthi 3,408 m

      Natural resources: gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas

      Land use: arable land: 12.13%
      permanent crops: 0.77%
      other: 87.1% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 13,500 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: prolonged droughts

      Environment - current issues: lack of important arterial rivers or lakes requires extensive water conservation and control measures; growth in water usage outpacing supply; pollution of rivers from agricultural runoff and urban discharge; air pollution resulting in acid rain; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: South Africa completely surrounds Lesotho and almost completely surrounds Swaziland

      NOTE: The information regarding South Africa on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about South Africa Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)