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    South Africa Government - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/south_africa/south_africa_government.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name: conventional long form: Republic of South Africa
      conventional short form: South Africa
      former: Union of South Africa
      abbreviation: RSA


      Government type: republic


      Capital: Pretoria; note - Cape Town is the legislative center and Bloemfontein the judicial center


      Administrative divisions: 9 provinces; Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West, Northern Cape, Western Cape


      Independence: 31 May 1910 (from UK)


      National holiday: Freedom Day, 27 April (1994)


      Constitution: 10 December 1996; this new constitution was certified by the Constitutional Court on 4 December 1996, was signed by then President MANDELA on 10 December 1996, and entered into effect on 3 February 1997; it is being implemented in phases


      Legal system: based on Roman-Dutch law and English common law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations


      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal


      Executive branch: chief of state: President Thabo MBEKI (since 16 June 1999); Executive Deputy President Jacob ZUMA (since 17 June 1999); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      elections: president elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 2 June 1999 (next scheduled for sometime between May and July 2004)
      head of government: President Thabo MBEKI (since 16 June 1999); Executive Deputy President Jacob ZUMA (since 17 June 1999); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
      election results: Thabo MBEKI elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - 100% (by acclamation)
      note: ANC-IFP is the governing coalition


      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consisting of the National Assembly (400 seats; members are elected by popular vote under a system of proportional representation to serve five-year terms) and the National Council of Provinces (90 seats, 10 members elected by each of the nine provincial legislatures for five-year terms; has special powers to protect regional interests, including the safeguarding of cultural and linguistic traditions among ethnic minorities); note - following the implementation of the new constitution on 3 February 1997 the former Senate was disbanded and replaced by the National Council of Provinces with essentially no change in membership and party affiliations, although the new institution's responsibilities have been changed somewhat by the new constitution
      elections: National Assembly and National Council of Provinces - last held 2 June 1999 (next to be held by 2 August 2004)
      election results: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - ANC 66.4%, DP 9.6%, IFP 8.6%, NNP 6.9%, UDM 3.4%, ACDP 1.4%, FF 0.8%, other 2.9%; seats by party - ANC 266, DP 38, IFP 34, NNP 28, UDM 14, ACDP 6, FF 3, other 11; National Council of Provinces - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - ANC 61, NNP 17, FF 4, IFP 5, DP 3


      Judicial branch: Constitutional Court; Supreme Court of Appeals; High Courts; Magistrate Courts


      Political parties and leaders: African Christian Democratic Party or ACDP [Kenneth MESHOE, president]; African National Congress or ANC [Thabo MBEKI, president]; Democratic Alliance (formed from the merger of the Democratic Party or DP and the New National Party or NNP; note - NNP split from DP in 2001) [Anthony LEON]; Freedom Front or FF [Dr. Pieter MULDER, president]; Inkatha Freedom Party or IFP [Mangosuthu BUTHELEZI, president]; New National Party or NNP [Marthinus VAN SCHALKWYK]; Pan-Africanist Congress or PAC [Stanley MOGOBA, president]; United Democratic Movement or UDM [Bantu HOLOMISA]


      Political pressure groups and leaders: Congress of South African Trade Unions or COSATU [Zwelinzima VAVI, general secretary]; South African Communist Party or SACP [Blade NZIMANDE, general secretary]; South African National Civics Organization or SANCO [Mlungisi HLONGWANE, national president]; note - COSATU and SACP are in a formal alliance with the ANC


      International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, BIS, C, ECA, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MONUC, NAM, NSG, OAU, OPCW, PCA, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMEE, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC


      Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: unfilled as of 29 April 2003
      consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York
      FAX: [1] (202) 265-1607
      telephone: [1] (202) 232-4400
      chancery: 3051 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


      Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Cameron H. HUME
      embassy: 877 Pretorius Street, Pretoria
      mailing address: P. O. Box 9536, Pretoria 0001
      telephone: [27] (12) 342-1048
      FAX: [27] (12) 342-2244
      consulate(s) general: Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg


      Flag description: two equal width horizontal bands of red (top) and blue separated by a central green band which splits into a horizontal Y, the arms of which end at the corners of the hoist side; the Y embraces a black isosceles triangle from which the arms are separated by narrow yellow bands; the red and blue bands are separated from the green band and its arms by narrow white stripes


      NOTE: The information regarding South Africa on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about South Africa Government 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/south_africa/south_africa_government.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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