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    France Index 2006

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    France Economy - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/france/france_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      France is in the midst of transition from a well-to-do modern economy that has featured extensive government ownership and intervention to one that relies more on market mechanisms. The government has partially or fully privatized many large companies, banks, and insurers. It retains controlling stakes in several leading firms, including Air France, France Telecom, Renault, and Thales, and is dominant in some sectors, particularly power, public transport, and defense industries. The telecommunications sector is gradually being opened to competition. France's leaders remain committed to a capitalism in which they maintain social equity by means of laws, tax policies, and social spending that reduce income disparity and the impact of free markets on public health and welfare. The government has lowered income taxes and introduced measures to boost employment and reform the pension system. In addition, it is focusing on the problems of the high cost of labor and labor market inflexibility resulting from the 35-hour workweek and restrictions on lay-offs. The tax burden remains one of the highest in Europe (nearly 50% of GDP in 2005). The lingering economic slowdown and inflexible budget items have pushed the budget deficit above the eurozone's 3%-of-GDP limit; unemployment stands at 10%.

      GDP (purchasing power parity):
      $1.822 trillion (2005 est.)

      GDP (official exchange rate):
      $2.068 trillion (2005 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      1.6% (2005 est.)

      GDP - per capita (PPP):
      $30,000 (2005 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 2.5%
      industry: 21.4%
      services: 76.1% (2005 est.)

      Labor force:
      27.72 million (2005 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture: 4.1%
      industry: 24.4%
      services: 71.5% (1999)

      Unemployment rate:
      10% (2005 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      6.5% (2000)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 2.8%
      highest 10%: 25.1% (1995)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      32.7 (1995)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      1.9% (2005 est.)

      Investment (gross fixed):
      19.4% of GDP (2005 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $1.06 trillion
      expenditures: $1.144 trillion; including capital expenditures of $23 billion (2005 est.)

      Public debt:
      66.5% of GDP (2005 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      wheat, cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, wine grapes; beef, dairy products; fish

      Industries:
      machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism

      Industrial production growth rate:
      0.3% (2005 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      536.9 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - consumption:
      433.3 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - exports:
      72.2 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - imports:
      6.2 billion kWh (2003)

      Oil - production:
      76,300 bbl/day (2003 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      2.06 million bbl/day (2003 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      409,600 bbl/day (2001)

      Oil - imports:
      2.281 million bbl/day (2001)

      Oil - proved reserves:
      144.3 million bbl (1 January 2002)

      Natural gas - production:
      1.566 billion cu m (2003 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      43.74 billion cu m (2003 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      1.725 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      40.26 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      14.33 billion cu m (1 January 2002)

      Current account balance:
      -$30.11 billion (2005 est.)

      Exports:
      $443.4 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      machinery and transportation equipment, aircraft, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, iron and steel, beverages

      Exports - partners:
      Germany 15%, Spain 9.5%, UK 9.4%, Italy 9%, Belgium 7.2%, US 6.7% (2004)

      Imports:
      $473.3 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      machinery and equipment, vehicles, crude oil, aircraft, plastics, chemicals

      Imports - partners:
      Germany 19.2%, Belgium 9.9%, Italy 8.8%, Spain 7.4%, UK 7%, Netherlands 6.7%, US 5% (2004)

      Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
      $77.35 billion (2004 est.)

      Debt - external:
      $2.826 trillion (30 June 2005)

      Economic aid - donor:
      ODA, $5.4 billion (2002)

      Currency (code):
      euro (EUR)
      note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries

      Exchange rates:
      euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding France on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of France Economy 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about France Economy 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/france/france_economy.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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