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    Israel Index 2006

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    Israel Geography - 2006

      Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon

      Geographic coordinates:
      31 30 N, 34 45 E

      Map references:
      Middle East

      total: 20,770 sq km
      land: 20,330 sq km
      water: 440 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,017 km
      border countries: Egypt 266 km, Gaza Strip 51 km, Jordan 238 km, Lebanon 79 km, Syria 76 km, West Bank 307 km

      273 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      continental shelf: to depth of exploitation

      temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas

      Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
      highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m

      Natural resources:
      timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand

      Land use:
      arable land: 15.45%
      permanent crops: 3.88%
      other: 80.67% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      1,940 sq km (2003)

      Natural hazards:
      sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts; periodic earthquakes

      Environment - current issues:
      limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note:
      there are 242 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the West Bank, 42 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, 0 in the Gaza Strip, and 29 in East Jerusalem (August 2005 est.); Sea of Galilee is an important freshwater source

      NOTE: The information regarding Israel on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Israel Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
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