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    Malaysia Index 2006

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    Malaysia Geography - 2006

      Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam

      Geographic coordinates:
      2 30 N, 112 30 E

      Map references:
      Southeast Asia

      total: 329,750 sq km
      land: 328,550 sq km
      water: 1,200 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than New Mexico

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,669 km
      border countries: Brunei 381 km, Indonesia 1,782 km, Thailand 506 km

      4,675 km (Peninsular Malaysia 2,068 km, East Malaysia 2,607 km)

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; specified boundary in the South China Sea

      tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons

      coastal plains rising to hills and mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Gunung Kinabalu 4,100 m

      Natural resources:
      tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite

      Land use:
      arable land: 5.46%
      permanent crops: 17.54%
      other: 77% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      3,650 sq km (2003)

      Natural hazards:
      flooding, landslides, forest fires

      Environment - current issues:
      air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest fires

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

      Geography - note:
      strategic location along Strait of Malacca and southern South China Sea

      NOTE: The information regarding Malaysia on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malaysia Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malaysia Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
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