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    Nicaragua Index 2006

    Nicaragua Main Index

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    Nicaragua Geography - 2006

      Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras

      Geographic coordinates:
      13 00 N, 85 00 W

      Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 129,494 sq km
      land: 120,254 sq km
      water: 9,240 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than the state of New York

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,231 km
      border countries: Costa Rica 309 km, Honduras 922 km

      910 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 200 nm
      continental shelf: natural prolongation

      tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands

      extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mogoton 2,438 m

      Natural resources:
      gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 14.81%
      permanent crops: 1.82%
      other: 83.37% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      610 sq km (2003)

      Natural hazards:
      destructive earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides; extremely susceptible to hurricanes

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

      Geography - note:
      largest country in Central America; contains the largest freshwater body in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua

      NOTE: The information regarding Nicaragua on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nicaragua Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
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