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    Oman Index 2006

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    Oman Geography - 2006

      Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE

      Geographic coordinates:
      21 00 N, 57 00 E

      Map references:
      Middle East

      total: 212,460 sq km
      land: 212,460 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Kansas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,374 km
      border countries: Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km

      2,092 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

      dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south

      central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
      highest point: Jabal Shams 2,980 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas

      Land use:
      arable land: 0.12%
      permanent crops: 0.14%
      other: 99.74% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      720 sq km (2003)

      Natural hazards:
      summer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms in interior; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      rising soil salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; very limited natural fresh water resources

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      strategic location on Musandam Peninsula adjacent to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil

      NOTE: The information regarding Oman on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Oman Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Oman Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
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