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    Oman Index 2006

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    Oman Government - 2006
    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/oman/oman_government.html
    SOURCE: 2006 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Sultanate of Oman
      conventional short form: Oman
      local long form: Saltanat Uman
      local short form: Uman
      former: Muscat and Oman

      Government type:
      monarchy

      Capital:
      Muscat

      Administrative divisions:
      5 regions (manaatiq, singular - mintaqat) and 3 governorates* (muhaafazaat, singular - muhaafaza) Ad Dakhiliyah, Al Batinah, Al Wusta, Ash Sharqiyah, Az Zahirah, Masqat*, Musandam*, Zufar (Dhofar)*

      Independence:
      1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)

      National holiday:
      Birthday of Sultan QABOOS, 18 November (1940)

      Constitution:
      none; note - on 6 November 1996, Sultan QABOOS issued a royal decree promulgating a basic law considered by the government to be a constitution which, among other things, clarifies the royal succession, provides for a prime minister, bars ministers from holding interests in companies doing business with the government, establishes a bicameral legislature, and guarantees basic civil liberties for Omani citizens

      Legal system:
      based on English common law and Islamic law; ultimate appeal to the monarch; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage:
      in Oman's most recent Majlis al-Shura elections in 2003, suffrage was universal for all Omanis over age 21 except for members of the military and security forces; the next Majlis al-Shura elections are scheduled for 2007

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said al-Said (sultan since 23 July 1970 and prime minister since 23 July 1972); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said al-Said (sultan since 23 July 1970 and prime minister since 23 July 1972); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the monarch
      elections: none; the monarch is hereditary

      Legislative branch:
      bicameral Majlis Oman consists of an upper chamber or Majlis al-Dawla (58 seats; members appointed by the monarch; has advisory powers only) and a lower chamber or Majlis al-Shura (83 seats; members elected by popular vote for four-year terms; body has some limited power to propose legislation, but otherwise has only advisory powers)
      elections: last held 4 October 2003 (next to be held NA 2007)
      election results: NA

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court
      note: the nascent civil court system, administered by region, has judges who practice secular and Shari'a law

      Political parties and leaders:
      none

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      none

      International organization participation:
      ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, WToO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Hunaina bint Sultan bin Ahmad al-MUGHAIRI
      chancery: 2535 Belmont Road, NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 387-1980 through 1981, 1988
      FAX: [1] (202) 745-4933

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Richard Lewis BALTIMORE III
      embassy: Jameat A'Duwal Al Arabiya Street, Al Khuwair area, Muscat
      mailing address: P. O. Box 202, P.C. 115, Madinat Al-Sultan Qaboos, Muscat
      telephone: [968] 24-698989
      FAX: [968] 24-699771

      Flag description:
      three horizontal bands of white, red, and green of equal width with a broad, vertical, red band on the hoist side; the national emblem (a khanjar dagger in its sheath superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards) in white is centered near the top of the vertical band


      NOTE: The information regarding Oman on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Oman Government 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Oman Government 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/oman/oman_government.html

    Revised 06-Jun-06
    Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR060106