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    Senegal Index 2006

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    Senegal Geography - 2006

      Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania

      Geographic coordinates:
      14 00 N, 14 00 W

      Map references:

      total: 196,190 sq km
      land: 192,000 sq km
      water: 4,190 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than South Dakota

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,640 km
      border countries: The Gambia 740 km, Guinea 330 km, Guinea-Bissau 338 km, Mali 419 km, Mauritania 813 km

      531 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

      tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind

      generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha 581 m

      Natural resources:
      fish, phosphates, iron ore

      Land use:
      arable land: 12.51%
      permanent crops: 0.24%
      other: 87.25% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      1,200 sq km (2003)

      Natural hazards:
      lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

      Geography - note:
      westernmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave within Senegal

      NOTE: The information regarding Senegal on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Senegal Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Senegal Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
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