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    Suriname Index 2006

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    Suriname Geography - 2006

      Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana

      Geographic coordinates:
      4 00 N, 56 00 W

      Map references:
      South America

      total: 163,270 sq km
      land: 161,470 sq km
      water: 1,800 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than Georgia

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,707 km
      border countries: Brazil 597 km, French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km

      386 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

      tropical; moderated by trade winds

      mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m
      highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m

      Natural resources:
      timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore

      Land use:
      arable land: 0.36%
      permanent crops: 0.06%
      other: 99.58% (2005)

      Irrigated land:
      510 sq km (2003)

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation as timber is cut for export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      smallest independent country on South American continent; mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, mostly along the coast

      NOTE: The information regarding Suriname on this page is re-published from the 2006 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Suriname Geography 2006 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Suriname Geography 2006 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Jun-06
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