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Nigeria Geography 2011
https://theodora.com/wfb2011/nigeria/nigeria_geography.html
SOURCE: 2011 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


















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Page last updated on January 12, 2011

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

Geographic coordinates:
10 00 N, 8 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 923,768 sq km
country comparison to the world: 32
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 910,768 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 13,000 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]

Area - comparative:
slightly more than twice the size of California

Land boundaries:
total: 4,047 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km

Coastline:
853 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:
varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north
More Climate Details

Terrain:
southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]
highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]

Natural resources:
natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land

Land use:
arable land: 33.02%
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 3.14%
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
other: 63.84% (2005)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
2,820 sq km (2003)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
286.2 cu km (2003)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 8.01 cu km/yr (21%/10%/69%)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - total country ranks ]
per capita: 61 cu m/yr (2000)
[see also: Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) - per capita country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
periodic droughts; flooding

Environment - current issues:
soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the Niger enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea


NOTE: The information regarding Nigeria on this page is re-published from the 2011 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nigeria Geography 2011 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nigeria Geography 2011 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 09-Feb-11
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