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Algeria PEOPLE 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/algeria/algeria_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Algeria PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
40,263,711 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 34
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Algerian(s)
adjective: Algerian

Ethnic groups:
Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
note: although almost all Algerians are Berber in origin (not Arab), only a minority identify themselves as Berber, about 15% of the total population; these people live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are also Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant autonomy but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching Berber language in schools

Languages:
Arabic (official), French (lingua franca), Berber or Tamazight (official); dialects include Kabyle Berber (Taqbaylit), Shawiya Berber (Tacawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq)

Religions:
Muslim (official; predominantly Sunni) 99%, other (includes Christian and Jewish) <1% (2012 est.)
religious affiliation:

Demographic profile:
For the first two-thirds of the 20th century, Algeria’s high fertility rate caused its population to grow rapidly. However, about a decade after independence from France in 1962 the total fertility rate fell dramatically from 7 children per woman in the 1970s to about 2.4 in 2000, slowing Algeria’s population growth rate by the late 1980s. The lower fertility rate was mainly the result of women’s rising age at first marriage (virtually all Algerian children being born in wedlock) and to a lesser extent the wider use of contraceptives. Later marriages and a preference for smaller families are attributed to increases in women’s education and participation in the labor market; higher unemployment; and a shortage of housing forcing multiple generations to live together. The average woman’s age at first marriage increased from about 19 in the mid-1950s to 24 in the mid-1970s to 30.5 in the late 1990s. Thousands of Algerian peasants – mainly Berber men from the Kabylia region – faced with land dispossession and economic hardship under French rule migrated temporarily to France to work in manufacturing and mining during the first half of the 20th century. This movement accelerated during World War I, when Algerians filled in for French factory workers or served as soldiers. In the years following independence, low-skilled Algerian workers and Algerians who had supported the French (harkis) emigrated en masse to France. Tighter French immigration rules and Algiers’ decision to cease managing labor migration to France in the 1970s limited legal emigration largely to family reunification. Not until Algeria’s civil war in the 1990s did the country again experience substantial outmigration. Many Algerians legally entered Tunisia without visas claiming to be tourists and then stayed as workers. Other Algerians headed to Europe seeking asylum, although France imposed restrictions. Sub-Saharan African migrants came to Algeria after its civil war to work in agriculture and mining. In the 2000s, a wave of educated Algerians went abroad seeking skilled jobs in a wider range of destinations, increasing their presence in North America and Spain. At the same time, legal foreign workers principally from China and Egypt came to work in Algeria’s construction and oil sectors. Illegal migrants from sub-Saharan Africa, particularly Malians, Nigeriens, and Gambians, continue to come to Algeria in search of work or to use it as a stepping stone to Libya and Europe. Since 1975, Algeria also has been the main recipient of Sahrawi refugees from the ongoing conflict in Western Sahara. An estimated 90,000 Sahrawis live in five refugee camps in southwestern Algeria near Tindouf.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 29.06% (male 5,991,164/female 5,709,616)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 15.95% (male 3,287,448/female 3,136,624)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 42.88% (male 8,737,944/female 8,526,137)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 6.61% (male 1,349,291/female 1,312,339)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 5.5% (male 1,027,126/female 1,186,022) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 52.6%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 43.6%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 9.1%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 11% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 27.8 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 27.5 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 28.1 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 137

Population growth rate:
1.77% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
23 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
4.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 205
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the vast majority of the populace is found in the extreme northern part of the country along the Mediterranean Coast

Urbanization:
urban population: 70.7% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 2.77% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
ALGIERS (capital) 2.594 million; Oran 858,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
140 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 20.3 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 21.9 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 18.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 83

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 76.8 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 75.5 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 78.2 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 81

Total fertility rate:
2.74 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
61.4% (2006)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
7.2% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 135
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
1.21 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 84.3% of population rural: 81.8% of population total: 83.6% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 15.7% of population rural: 18.2% of population total: 16.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 89.8% of population rural: 82.2% of population total: 87.6% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 10.2% of population rural: 17.8% of population total: 12.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.04% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 125
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
8,800 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 92
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
100 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 101
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
23.6% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 116
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
3% (2013)
country comparison to the world: 102
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
4.3% of GDP (2008)
country comparison to the world: 97
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80.2%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 87.2%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 73.1% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 14 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 14 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 15 years (2011)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 304,358
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 5% (2006 est.)
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 25.3%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 22.1%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 41.4% (2014 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 47


NOTE: The information regarding Algeria on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Algeria PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Algeria PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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