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Argentina PEOPLE 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Argentina PEOPLE 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Population:
44,293,293 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Argentine(s)
adjective: Argentine

Ethnic groups:
European (mostly Spanish and Italian descent) and mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian ancestry) 97.2%, Amerindian 2.4%, African 0.4% (2010 est.)

Languages:
Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)

Religions:
nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%

Demographic profile:
Argentina's population continues to grow but at a slower rate because of its steadily declining birth rate. Argentina's fertility decline began earlier than in the rest of Latin America, occurring most rapidly between the early 20th century and the 1950s and then becoming more gradual. Life expectancy has been improving, most notably among the young and the poor. While the population under age 15 is shrinking, the youth cohort - ages 15-24 - is the largest in Argentina's history and will continue to bolster the working-age population. If this large working-age population is well-educated and gainfully employed, Argentina is likely to experience an economic boost and possibly higher per capita savings and investment. Although literacy and primary school enrollment are nearly universal, grade repetition is problematic and secondary school completion is low. Both of these issues vary widely by region and socioeconomic group. Argentina has been primarily a country of immigration for most of its history, welcoming European immigrants (often providing needed low-skilled labor) after its independence in the 19th century and attracting especially large numbers from Spain and Italy. More than 7 million European immigrants are estimated to have arrived in Argentina between 1880 and 1930, when it adopted a more restrictive immigration policy. European immigration also began to wane in the 1930s because of the global depression. The inflow rebounded temporarily following WWII and resumed its decline in the 1950s when Argentina’s military dictators tightened immigration rules and European economies rebounded. Regional migration increased, however, supplying low-skilled workers escaping economic and political instability in their home countries. As of 2015, immigrants made up almost 5% of Argentina’s population, the largest share in South America. Migration from neighboring countries accounted for approximately 80% of Argentina’s immigrant population in 2015. The first waves of highly skilled Argentine emigrant workers headed mainly to the United States and Spain in the 1960s and 1970s, driven by economic decline and repressive military dictatorships. The 2008 European economic crisis drove the return migration of some Argentinean and other Latin American nationals, as well as the immigration of Europeans to South America, where Argentina was a key recipient. In 2015, Argentina received the highest number of legal migrants in Latin America and the Caribbean. The majority of its migrant inflow came from Paraguay and Bolivia.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 24.59% (male 5,612,766/female 5,278,857)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 15.28% (male 3,460,276/female 3,307,227)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 39.38% (male 8,707,818/female 8,733,370)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 9.13% (male 1,963,923/female 2,081,796)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 11.62% (male 2,159,811/female 2,987,449) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 56.5
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 39.4
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 17.1
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 5.8 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 31.7 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 30.5 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 32.9 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 105

Population growth rate:
0.91% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 121
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
16.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 110
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 102
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
one-third of the population lives in Buenos Aires; pockets of agglomeration occur throughout the northern and central parts of the country; Patagonia to the south remains sparsely populated

Urbanization:
urban population: 92% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 0.93% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
BUENOS AIRES (capital) 15.18 million; Cordoba 1.511 million; Rosario 1.381 million; Mendoza 1.009 million; San Miguel de Tucuman 910,000; La Plata 846,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Maternal mortality ratio:
52 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 9.8 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 10.7 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 8.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 139

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 77.3 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 74.2 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 80.6 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 74
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
2.26 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 93
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
81.3% (2013)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
4.8% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 147
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
3.76 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
5 beds/1,000 population (2014)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 99% of population rural: 100% of population total: 99.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 1% of population rural: 0% of population total: 0.9% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 96.2% of population rural: 98.3% of population total: 96.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.8% of population rural: 1.7% of population total: 3.6% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.4% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
120,000 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
2,400 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
28.3% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 31
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
2.3% (2005)
country comparison to the world: 119
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
5.5% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 32

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.1%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 98%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 98.1% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 17 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 16 years
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 18 years (2014)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 18.3%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 15.6%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 22.8% (2014 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 73


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Argentina on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Argentina PEOPLE 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Argentina PEOPLE 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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