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Azerbaijan Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Azerbaijan Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range

Geographic coordinates:
40 30 N, 47 30 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 86,600 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 82,629 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 3,971 sq km
note: includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region; the region's autonomy was abolished by Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on 26 November 1991
country comparison to the world: 114

Area - comparative:
about three-quarters the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Maine


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

about three-quarters the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Maine

Land boundaries:
total: 2,468 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (5): Armenia 996 km, Georgia 428 km, Iran 689 km, Russia 338 km, Turkey 17 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked); note - Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea (713 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
dry, semiarid steppe
More Climate Details

Terrain:
large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland, much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) to the west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea

Elevation:
mean elevation: 384 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: -28 m lowest point: Caspian Sea
4466 highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite

Land use:
agricultural land: 57.6% (2014 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 22.8% (2014 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 2.7% (2014 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 32.1% (2014 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 11.3% (2014 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 31.1% (2014 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
14,277 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
highest population density is found in the far eastern area of the county, in and around Baku; apart from smaller urbanized areas, the rest of the country has a fairly light and evenly distributed population

Natural hazards:
droughts

Environment - current issues:
local scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air, soil, and water pollution; soil pollution results from oil spills, from the use of DDT pesticide, and from toxic defoliants used in the production of cotton; surface and underground water are polluted by untreated municipal and industrial wastewater and agricultural run-off

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
both the main area of the country and the Naxcivan exclave are landlocked


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Azerbaijan on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Azerbaijan Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Azerbaijan Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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