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Azerbaijan Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/azerbaijan/azerbaijan_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Azerbaijan Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Southwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range

Geographic coordinates:
40 30 N, 47 30 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 86,600 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 82,629 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 3,971 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region; the region's autonomy was abolished by Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on 26 November 1991
country comparison to the world: 113

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Maine

Land boundaries:
total: 2,468 km
border countries (5): Armenia 996 km, Georgia 428 km, Iran 689 km, Russia 338 km, Turkey 17 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked); note - Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea (713 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
dry, semiarid steppe

Terrain:
large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland, much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) to the west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea

Elevation:
mean elevation: 384 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m

Natural resources:
petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite

Land use:
agricultural land: 57.6% arable land 22.8%; permanent crops 2.7%; permanent pasture 32.1%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 11.3%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 31.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
14,277 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
highest population density is found in the far eastern area of the county, in and around Baku; apart from smaller urbanized areas, the rest of the country has a fairly evenly distributed population

Natural hazards:
droughts

Environment - current issues:
local scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air, soil, and water pollution; soil pollution results from oil spills, from the use of DDT pesticide, and from toxic defoliants used in the production of cotton

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
both the main area of the country and the Naxcivan exclave are landlocked


NOTE: The information regarding Azerbaijan on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Azerbaijan Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Azerbaijan Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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