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Botswana Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Botswana Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Southern Africa, north of South Africa

Geographic coordinates:
22 00 S, 24 00 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 581,730 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 566,730 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 15,000 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 49

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 4,347.15 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (4): Namibia 1544 km, South Africa 1969 km, Zambia 0.15 km, Zimbabwe 834 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
More Climate Details

Terrain:
predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest

Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,013 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 513 m lowest point: junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers
1489 highest point: Tsodilo Hills

Natural resources:
diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

Land use:
agricultural land: 45.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 0.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 45.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 19.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 34.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
20 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
the population is primarily concentrated in the east with a focus in and around the captial of Gaborone, and the far central-eastern city of Francistown; population density remains low in other areas in the country, especially in the Kalahari to the west

Natural hazards:
periodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility

Environment - current issues:
overgrazing; desertification; limited freshwater resources; air pollution

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
landlocked; population concentrated in eastern part of the country


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Botswana on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Botswana Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Botswana Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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