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Botswana PEOPLE 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/botswana/botswana_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Botswana PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
2,209,208
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 145
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)

Ethnic groups:
Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%

Languages:
Setswana 77.3%, Sekalanga 7.4%, Shekgalagadi 3.4%, English (official) 2.8%, Zezuru/Shona 2%, Sesarwa 1.7%, Sembukushu 1.6%, Ndebele 1%, other 2.8% (2011 est.)

Religions:
Christian 79.1%, Badimo 4.1%, other 1.4% (includes Baha'i, Hindu, Muslim, Rastafarian), none 15.2%, unspecified 0.3% (2011 est.)

Demographic profile:
Botswana has experienced one of the most rapid declines in fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. The total fertility rate has fallen from more than 5 children per woman in the mid 1980s to approximately 2.4 in 2013. The fertility reduction has been attributed to a host of factors, including higher educational attainment among women, greater participation of women in the workforce, increased contraceptive use, later first births, and a strong national family planning program. Botswana was making significant progress in several health indicators, including life expectancy and infant and child mortality rates, until being devastated by the HIV/AIDs epidemic in the 1990s. Today Botswana has the third highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in the world at approximately 22%, however comprehensive and effective treatment programs have reduced HIV/AIDS-related deaths. The combination of declining fertility and increasing mortality rates because of HIV/AIDS is slowing the population aging process, with a narrowing of the youngest age groups and little expansion of the oldest age groups. Nevertheless, having the bulk of its population (about 60%) of working age will only yield economic benefits if the labor force is healthy, educated, and productively employed. Batswana have been working as contract miners in South Africa since the 19th century. Although Botswana’s economy improved shortly after independence in 1966 with the discovery of diamonds and other minerals, its lingering high poverty rate and lack of job opportunities continued to push workers to seek mining work in southern African countries. In the early 1970s, about a third of Botswana’s male labor force worked in South Africa (lesser numbers went to Namibia and Zimbabwe). Not until the 1980s and 1990s, when South African mining companies had reduced their recruitment of foreign workers and Botswana’s economic prospects had improved, were Batswana increasingly able to find job opportunities at home. Most Batswana prefer life in their home country and choose cross-border migration on a temporary basis only for work, shopping, visiting family, or tourism. Since the 1970s, Botswana has pursued an open migration policy enabling it to recruit thousands of foreign workers to fill skilled labor shortages. In the late 1990s, Botswana’s prosperity and political stability attracted not only skilled workers but small numbers of refugees from neighboring Angola, Namibia, and Zimbabwe.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 32.4% (male 364,807/female 350,888)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 21.32% (male 234,251/female 236,650)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 37.61% (male 444,290/female 386,622)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.55% (male 45,186/female 55,272)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 4.13% (male 36,216/female 55,026) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 55.3%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 49.7%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 17.9% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 23.2 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 23.4 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 23.1 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 169

Population growth rate:
1.19% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
20.7 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 77
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
13.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
4.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 57.4% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 1.29% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
GABORONE (capital) 247,000 (2014)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
19 (2007 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
129 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 61
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 8.6 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 8.9 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 8.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 145

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 54.5 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 56.3 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 52.6 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 213

Total fertility rate:
2.3 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
52.8%
note: percent of women aged 12-49 (2007/08)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.4% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 132
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.4 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
1.8 beds/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 99.2% of population rural: 92.3% of population total: 96.2% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 0.8% of population rural: 7.7% of population total: 3.8% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 78.5% of population rural: 43.1% of population total: 63.4% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 21.5% of population rural: 56.9% of population total: 36.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
22.21% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
348,900 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
3,200 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
19.5% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 128
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
11.2% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 66
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
9.6% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 5
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 88.5%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 88%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 88.9% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 13 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 13 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 13 years (2013)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 45,036
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 9%
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]
note: data represent children ages 7-17 (2006 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 36%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 29.6%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 43.5% (2010 est.)


[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]


NOTE: The information regarding Botswana on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Botswana PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Botswana PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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