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British Indian Ocean Territory Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











British Indian Ocean Territory Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
archipelago in the Indian Ocean, south of India, about halfway between Africa and Indonesia

Geographic coordinates:
6 00 S, 71 30 E;note - Diego Garcia 7 20 S, 72 25 E

Map references:
Political Map of the World

Area:
total: 60 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 60 sq km (44 Diego Garcia)
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 54,340 sq km
note: includes the entire Chagos Archipelago of 55 islands
country comparison to the world: 230

Area - comparative:
land area is about one-third the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
0 km

Coastline:
698 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
Environment (Protection and Preservation) Zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - Environment (Protection and Preservation) Zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds

Terrain:
flat and low (most areas do not exceed two m in elevation)

Elevation:
0 m lowest point: Indian Ocean
9 highest point: ocean-side dunes on Diego Garcia

Natural resources:
coconuts, fish, sugarcane

Land use:
agricultural land: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 100% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Natural hazards:
none; located outside routes of Indian Ocean cyclones

Environment - current issues:
wastewater discharge into the lagoon on Diego Garcia

Geography - note:

note 1: archipelago of 55 islands; Diego Garcia, the largest and southernmost island, occupies a strategic location in the central Indian Ocean; the island is the site of a joint US-UK military facility

note 2: Diego Garcia is the only inhabited island of the BIOT and one of only two British territories where traffic drives on the right, the other being Gibraltar

NOTE: 1) The information regarding British Indian Ocean Territory on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of British Indian Ocean Territory Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about British Indian Ocean Territory Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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