Open translate

British Indian Ocean Territory Geography - 2024


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


archipelago in the Indian Ocean, south of India, about halfway between Africa and Indonesia

Geographic coordinates

6 00 S, 71 30 E;note - Diego Garcia 7 20 S, 72 25 E

Map references

Political Map of the World


total: 60 sq km

land: 60 sq km (44 Diego Garcia)

water: 54,340 sq km

note: includes the entire Chagos Archipelago of 55 islands

Area - comparative

land area is about one-third the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries

total: 0 km


698 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm

Environment (Protection and Preservation) Zone: 200 nm


tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds


flat and low coral atolls (most areas do not exceed two m in elevation); sits atop the submarine volcanic Chagos-Laccadive Ridge


highest point: ocean-side dunes on Diego Garcia 9 m

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

Natural resources

coconuts, fish, sugarcane

Land use

agricultural land: 0% (2018 est.)

arable land: 0% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 0% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 0% (2018 est.)

forest: 0% (2018 est.)

other: 100% (2018 est.)

Natural hazards

none; located outside routes of Indian Ocean cyclones

Geography - note

note 1: archipelago of 55 islands; Diego Garcia, the largest and southernmost island, occupies a strategic location in the central Indian Ocean; the island is the site of a joint US-UK military facility

note 2: Diego Garcia is the only inhabited island of the BIOT and one of only two British territories where traffic drives on the right, the other being Gibraltar

NOTE: The information regarding British Indian Ocean Territory on this page is re-published from the 2024 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of British Indian Ocean Territory 2024 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about British Indian Ocean Territory 2024 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 04 May 24, Copyright © 2024 ITA all rights reserved.