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Cuba Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/cuba/cuba_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Cuba Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida

Geographic coordinates:
21 30 N, 80 00 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 110,860 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 109,820 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,040 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 106

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
Area comparison map: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

Land boundaries:
total: 28.5 km
border countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 28.5 km
note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and remains part of Cuba
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
3,735 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)

Terrain:
mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 108 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Pico Turquino 1,974 m

Natural resources:
cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 60.3% arable land 33.8%; permanent crops 3.6%; permanent pasture 22.9%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 27.3%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 12.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
8,700 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
large population clusters found throughout the country, the more significant ones being in the larger towns and cities, particularly the capital of Havana

Natural hazards:
the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to November (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common

Environment - current issues:
air and water pollution; biodiversity loss; deforestation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
largest country in Caribbean and westernmost island of the Greater Antilles


NOTE: The information regarding Cuba on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cuba Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cuba Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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