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Cuba Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Cuba Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida

Geographic coordinates:
21 30 N, 80 00 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 110,860 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 109,820 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 1,040 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 107

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Pennsylvania


Area comparison map:Area comparison map

slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

Land boundaries:
total: 28.5 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (1): US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 28.5 km
note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and remains part of Cuba

Coastline:
3,735 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

Elevation:
mean elevation: 108 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 0 m lowest point: Caribbean Sea
1974 highest point: Pico Turquino

Natural resources:
cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

Land use:
agricultural land: 60.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 33.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 3.6% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 22.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 27.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 12.4% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
8,700 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
large population clusters found throughout the country, the more significant ones being in the larger towns and cities, particularly the capital of Havana

Natural hazards:
the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to November (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common

Environment - current issues:
soil degradation and desertification (brought on by poor farming techniques and natural disasters) are the main environmental problems; biodiversity loss; deforestation; air and water pollution

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
largest country in Caribbean and westernmost island of the Greater Antilles


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Cuba on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cuba Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cuba Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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