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Cuba PEOPLE 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/cuba/cuba_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Cuba PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
11,179,995 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 79
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Cuban(s)
adjective: Cuban

Ethnic groups:
white 64.1%, mestizo 26.6%, black 9.3% (2012 est.)

Languages:
Spanish (official)

Religions:
nominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria
note: prior to CASTRO assuming power

Age structure:
0-14 years: 16.7% (male 960,832/female 905,904)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 12.44% (male 721,390/female 669,960)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 44.95% (male 2,526,467/female 2,498,882)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 11.27% (male 610,190/female 649,656)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 14.64% (male 751,621/female 885,093) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 43.4%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 23.4%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 20%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 5% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 41.1 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 40 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 42.2 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 41

Population growth rate:
-0.3% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 220
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
10.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
8.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-5.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 196
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
large population clusters found throughout the country, the more significant ones being in the larger towns and cities, particularly the capital of Havana

Urbanization:
urban population: 77.1% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 0.07% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
HAVANA (capital) 2.137 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:
39 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 4.5 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 5 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 181

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 78.7 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 76.4 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 81.1 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 55

Total fertility rate:
1.71 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 172
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
74.3% (2010/11)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
11.1% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 47
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
6.72 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
5.3 beds/1,000 population (2012)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 96.4% of population rural: 89.8% of population total: 94.9% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 3.6% of population rural: 10.2% of population total: 5.1% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 94.4% of population rural: 89.1% of population total: 93.2% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 5.6% of population rural: 10.9% of population total: 6.8% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.31% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
21,900 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
200 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
27.2% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 85
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
12.8% of GDP (2010)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 99.9%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 99.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 14 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 14 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 14 years (2014)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 6.1%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 6.4%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 5.6% (2010 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 131

People - note:
illicit emigration is a continuing problem; Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US including direct flights to Miami and overland via the southwest border; the number of Cubans migrating to the US has surged since the beginning of improved US-Cuban relations in late December 2014


NOTE: The information regarding Cuba on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cuba PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cuba PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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This page was last modified 22-Feb-17
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