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Egypt Terrorism 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Egypt Terrorism 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Terrorist groups - home based:
Gama'a al-Islamiyya (Islamic Group) (IG): aim(s): replace the Egyptian Government with an Islamist state area(s) of operation: headquartered in Egypt and has largely honored the 1999 ceasefire agreement with the Egyptian Government by moving away from violence to meet its goal in favor of political and other non-violent means; on 20 June 2011, IG announced its political wing, Al-Banna' wa Al-Tanmiyya (The Construction and Development Party); Doha, Qatar-based Dr. Tariq al-ZUMUR, a fugitive in Egypt has chaired the party since he was elected in 2013 was reelected in May 2017; IG's political party secured 13 seats in Egypt's 2011 parliamentary elections; however, it did not win any seats in the 2015 parliamentary elections; during IG's violent era, on 17 November 1997, six gunmen fired on a group of foreign tourists visiting a temple in Luxor in southern Egypt, killing 65 tourists, who were mostly Swiss and Japanese, a local guide, and two policemen; the ambush coincided with a trial in Cairo accusing 65 alleged members of conspiracy to murder and resulted in the citizenry rallying in strong support behind the Egyptian Government's counterterrorism efforts; remains one of the deadliest terrorist attacks on Egyptian soil; IG remains outlawed in Egypt; founder and spiritual leader Shaykh Dr. Omar Abd al-RAHMAN (a.k.a. the blind Sheikh) was serving a life sentence in a US prison for his involvement in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing and other attacks, until his death on 18 February 2017
ISIL Sinai Province (formerly Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis): aim(s): establish an Islamic emirate in the Sinai area(s) of operation: Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis joined ISIL in 2014; headquartered in the northeastern Sinai Peninsula under Abu Hajir al-HASHIMI; operational throughout Egypt, primarily in North Sinai, where operatives have killed hundreds of Egyptian policemen and soldiers; conducts attacks in Cairo, where operatives killed 28 people in a church in December 2016; continues to launch rockets from Egypt into southern Israeli's Eshkol region and to approach city of Eilat; on several occasions has sabotaged a Sinai pipeline that exports gas to Israel; core ISIL refers to Egypt as its Wilayat Sinai

Terrorist groups - foreign based:
al-Qa'ida (AQ): aim(s): overthrow the Egyptian Government and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia area(s) of operation: maintains a longtime operational presence and established networks
Army of Islam (AOI): aim(s): disrupt the Egyptian Government's efforts to provide security and, ultimately, establish an Islamic caliphate area(s) of operation: operational mainly in Cairo and the Sinai Peninsula; conducted bombing attacks in Cairo and Heliopolis in 2009 against Egyptian citizens, which resulted in casualities and deaths; associated with ISIL Sinai Province (formerly Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis); targets Israeli Government interests, sometimes in collaboration with the Mujahidin Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem, including launching rockets into southern Israel; rocket attacks launched from the Gaza Strip into Egyptian territory have ebbed in recent years
HAMAS: aim(s): bolster its relationship with the Egyptian Government to facilitate free movement in Egyptian territory area(s) of operation: maintains a growing political presence, collaborating with the Egyptian Government to secure the border against ISIL fighters, who have killed hundreds of Egyptian policemen and soldiers in northern Sinai; in return, HAMAS is granted freer movement to take trucks of food and other goods into the Gaza Strip; has a history of using a few thousand tunnels at the Egypt-Gaza Strip border to smuggle weapons, fighters, and consumer goods into the Gaza Strip
Mujahidin Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem (MSC): aim(s): enhance its networks in Egypt and, ultimately, destroy the state of Israel area(s) of operation: maintains a limited operational presence as of 2017; majority of veteran members have defected to join other groups; previously, operatives staged numerous attacks inside Israeli territory along the Egypt-Israel border, especially coordinated attacks with the Army of Islam, another US-designated foreign terrorist organization


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Egypt on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Egypt Terrorism 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Egypt Terrorism 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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