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Eswatini Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Eswatini Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa

Geographic coordinates:
26 30 S, 31 30 E

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 17,364 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 17,204 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 160 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 159

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries:
total: 546 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (2): Mozambique 108 km, South Africa 438 km

Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)

Climate:
varies from tropical to near temperate
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains

Elevation:
mean elevation: 305 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: 21 m lowest point: Great Usutu River
1,862 m highest point: Emlembe

Natural resources:
asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc

Land use:
agricultural land: 68.3% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
arable land: 9.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - arable land country ranks ]
permanent crops: 0.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent crops country ranks ]
permanent pasture: 57.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - permanent pasture country ranks ]
forest: 31.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
500 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
because of its mountainous terrain, the population distribution is uneven throughout the country, concentrating primarily in valleys and plains

Natural hazards:
drought

Environment - current issues:
limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; population growth, deforestation, and overgrazing lead to soil erosion and soil degradation

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:
landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Eswatini on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Eswatini Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Eswatini Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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