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Gaza Strip Economy 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Gaza Strip Economy 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Economy - overview:
Movement and access restrictions, violent attacks, and the slow pace of post-conflict reconstruction continue to degrade economic conditions in the Gaza Strip, the smaller of the two areas comprising the Palestinian territories. Israeli controls became more restrictive after HAMAS seized control of the territory in June 2007. Under Hamas control, Gaza has suffered from rising unemployment, elevated poverty rates, and a sharp contraction of the private sector, which had relied primarily on export markets.

Since April 2017, the Palestinian Authority has reduced payments for electricity supplied to Gaza and cut salaries for its employees there, exacerbating poor economic conditions. Since 2014, Egypt’s crackdown on the Gaza Strip’s extensive tunnel-based smuggling network has exacerbated fuel, construction material, and consumer goods shortages in the territory. Donor support for reconstruction following the 51-day conflict in 2014 between Israel and HAMAS and other Gaza-based militant groups has fallen short of post-conflict needs.

GDP (purchasing power parity):

see entry for the West Bank
[see also: GDP country ranks ]

GDP (official exchange rate):
$2.938 billion (2014 est.) (2014 est.)
note: excludes the West Bank
[see also: GDP (official exchange rate) country ranks ]

GDP - real growth rate:
-15.2% (2014 est.)
5.6% (2013 est.)
7% (2012 est.)
note: excludes the West Bank
country comparison to the world: 223
[see also: GDP - real growth rate country ranks ]

GDP - per capita:

see entry for the the West Bank
[see also: GDP - per capita country ranks ]

GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption: 88.6% (2017 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - household consumption country ranks ]
government consumption: 26.3% (2017 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - government consumption country ranks ]
investment in fixed capital: 22.4% (2017 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - investment in fixed capital country ranks ]
investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - investment in inventories country ranks ]
exports of goods and services: 18.6% (2017 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - exports of goods and services country ranks ]
imports of goods and services: -55.6% (2017 est.)
note: data exclude the West Bank

GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture: 3% (2017 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition, by sector of origin - agriculture country ranks ]
industry: 21.1% (2017 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition, by sector of origin - industry country ranks ]
services: 75% (2017 est.)
note: data exclude the West Bank

Agriculture - products:
olives, fruit, vegetables, flowers; beef, dairy products

Industries:
textiles, food processing, furniture

Industrial production growth rate:
2.2% (2017 est.)
note: see entry for the West Bank
country comparison to the world: 125
[see also: Industrial production growth rate country ranks ]

Labor force:
1.24 million (2017 est.)
note: excludes the West Bank
country comparison to the world: 138
[see also: Labor force country ranks ]

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 5.2%
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - agriculture country ranks ]
industry: 10%
[see also: Labor force - by occupation - industry country ranks ]
services: 84.8% (2015 est.)
note: data exclude the West Bank

Unemployment rate:
27.9% (2017 est.)
27% (2016 est.)
note: data exclude the West Bank
country comparison to the world: 201
[see also: Unemployment rate country ranks ]

Population below poverty line:
30% (2011 est.)
note: data exclude the West Bank
[see also: Population below poverty line country ranks ]

Budget:
see entry for the West Bank

Fiscal year:
calendar year

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
0.2% (2017 est.)
-0.2% (2016 est.)
note: excludes the West Bank
country comparison to the world: 16
[see also: Inflation rate (consumer prices) country ranks ]

Commercial bank prime lending rate:

see entry for the West Bank
[see also: Commercial bank prime lending rate country ranks ]

Stock of narrow money:

see entry for the West Bank
[see also: Stock of narrow money country ranks ]

Stock of broad money:
$2.901 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$2.538 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 129
[see also: Stock of broad money country ranks ]

Stock of domestic credit:
$2.041 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.712 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149
[see also: Stock of domestic credit country ranks ]

Current account balance:
-$1.444 billion (2017 est.)
-$1.348 billion (2016 est.)
note: excludes the West Bank
country comparison to the world: 152
[see also: Current account balance country ranks ]

Exports:
$1.955 billion (2017 est.)
$1.827 billion (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
[see also: Exports country ranks ]

Exports - commodities:
strawberries, carnations, vegetables, fish (small and irregular shipments, as permitted to transit the Israeli-controlled Kerem Shalom crossing)

Imports:
$8.59 billion (2018 est.)
$7.852 billion (2017 est.)

see entry for the West Bank
country comparison to the world: 109
[see also: Imports country ranks ]

Imports - commodities:
food, consumer goods, fuel

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$446.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$583 million (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156
[see also: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold country ranks ]

Debt - external:

see entry for the West Bank
[see also: Debt - external country ranks ]

Exchange rates:

see entry for the West Bank

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Gaza Strip on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gaza Strip Economy 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gaza Strip Economy 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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