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Gaza Strip Geography 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Gaza Strip Geography 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Location:
Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Israel

Geographic coordinates:
31 25 N, 34 20 E

Map references:
Middle East

Area:
total: 360 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 360 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 0 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 207

Area - comparative:
slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:
total: 72 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (2): Egypt 13 km, Israel 59 km

Coastline:
40 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
see entry for Israel note: effective 3 January 2009, the Gaza maritime area is closed to all maritime traffic and is under blockade imposed by Israeli Navy until further notice

Climate:
temperate, mild winters, dry and warm to hot summers

Terrain:
flat to rolling, sand- and dune-covered coastal plain

Elevation:
mean elevation: 0 m lowest point: Mediterranean Sea
105 highest point: Abu 'Awdah (Joz Abu 'Awdah)

Natural resources:
arable land, natural gas

Irrigated land:
240 sq km; note - includes the West Bank (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population distribution:
population concentrated in major cities, particularly Gaza City in the north

Natural hazards:
droughts

Environment - current issues:
soil degradation; desertification; water pollution from chemicals and pesticides; salination of fresh water; improper sewage treatment; water-borne disease; depletion and contamination of underground water resources

Geography - note:
strategic strip of land along Mideast-North African trade routes has experienced an incredibly turbulent history; the town of Gaza itself has been besieged countless times in its history; there are no Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip; the Gaza Strip settlements were evacuated in 2005

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Gaza Strip on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gaza Strip Geography 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gaza Strip Geography 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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