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Ghana Geography 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Ghana Geography 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

Geographic coordinates:
8 00 N, 2 00 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 238,533 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 227,533 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 11,000 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 83

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than Oregon

Land boundaries:
total: 2,420 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (3): Burkina Faso 602 km, Cote d'Ivoire 720 km, Togo 1,098 km

Coastline:
539 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

Climate:
tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
More Climate Details

Terrain:
mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

Elevation:
mean elevation: 190 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Mount Afadjato 885 m

Natural resources:
gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone

Land use:
agricultural land: 69.1% arable land 20.7%; permanent crops 11.9%; permanent pasture 36.5%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 21.2%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 9.7% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
340 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population is concentrated in the southern half of the country, with the highest concentrations being on or near the Atlantic coast

Natural hazards:
dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds from January to March; droughts

Environment - current issues:
recurrent drought in north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake (manmade reservoir) by surface area (8,482 sq km; 3,275 sq mi); the lake was created following the completion of the Akosombo Dam in 1965, which holds back the White Volta and Black Volta Rivers


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Ghana on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ghana Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ghana Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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