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Guinea PEOPLE 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/guinea/guinea_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Guinea PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
12,093,349 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Guinean(s)
adjective: Guinean

Ethnic groups:
Fulani (Peul) 33.9%, Malinke 31.1%, Soussou 19.1%, Guerze 6%, Kissi 4.7%, Toma 2.6%, other/no answer 2.7% (2012 est.)

Languages:
French (official)
note: each ethnic group has its own language

Religions:
Muslim 86.7%, Christian 8.9%, animist/other/none 4.4% (2012 est.)

Demographic profile:
Guinea’s strong population growth is a result of declining mortality rates and sustained elevated fertility. The population growth rate was somewhat tempered in the 2000s because of a period of net outmigration. Although life expectancy and mortality rates have improved over the last two decades, the nearly universal practice of female genital cutting continues to contribute to high infant and maternal mortality rates. Guinea’s total fertility remains high at about 5 children per woman because of the ongoing preference for larger families, low contraceptive usage and availability, a lack of educational attainment and empowerment among women, and poverty. A lack of literacy and vocational training programs limit job prospects for youths, but even those with university degrees often have no option but to work in the informal sector. About 60% of the country’s large youth population is unemployed. Tensions and refugees have spilled over Guinea’s borders with Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Cote d’Ivoire. During the 1990s Guinea harbored as many as half a million refugees from Sierra Leone and Liberia, more refugees than any other African country for much of that decade. About half sought refuge in the volatile “Parrot’s Beak” region of southwest Guinea, a wedge of land jutting into Sierra Leone near the Liberian border. Many were relocated within Guinea in the early 2000s because the area suffered repeated cross-border attacks from various government and rebel forces, as well as anti-refugee violence. As of 2016, Guinea sheltered more than 7,000 Ivoirians.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 41.7% (male 2,547,037/female 2,495,495)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.67% (male 1,200,618/female 1,177,633)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 30.52% (male 1,851,200/female 1,839,952)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.46% (male 258,455/female 281,497)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.65% (male 195,054/female 246,408) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 83.8%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 78.2%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 17.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 18.8 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 18.6 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 19.1 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 204

Population growth rate:
2.62% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
35.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
9.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 37.2% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.82% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
CONAKRY (capital) 1.936 million (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
18.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
679 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 51.7 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 54.4 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 48.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 30

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 60.6 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 59 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 62.2 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 198

Total fertility rate:
4.82 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
5.6% (2012)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.6% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 102
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.1 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 92.7% of population rural: 67.4% of population total: 76.8% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 7.3% of population rural: 32.6% of population total: 23.2% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 34.1% of population rural: 11.8% of population total: 20.1% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 65.9% of population rural: 88.2% of population total: 79.9% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.56% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
116,800 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
4,600 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
5.9% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 165
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
18.7% (2012)
country comparison to the world: 33
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
3.2% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 156
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 30.4%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 38.1%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 22.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 10 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 8 years (2014)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 571,774
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 25% (2003 est.)
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 1%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 1.5%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 0.6% (2012 est.)


[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]


NOTE: The information regarding Guinea on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guinea PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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