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Guinea PEOPLE 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Guinea PEOPLE 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Population:
11,855,411 (July 2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Guinean(s)
adjective: Guinean

Ethnic groups:
Fulani (Peuhl) 32.1%, Malinke 29.8%, Susu 19.8%, Guerze 6.2%, Kissi 4.7%, Toma 2.8%, other/no answer 4.6% (2012 est.)

Languages:
French (official), Pular, Maninka, Susu, other native languages
note: each ethnic group has its own language

Religions:
Muslim 89.1%, Christian 6.8%, animist 1.6%, other .1%, none 2.4% (2014 est.)

Demographic profile:
Guinea’s strong population growth is a result of declining mortality rates and sustained elevated fertility. The population growth rate was somewhat tempered in the 2000s because of a period of net outmigration. Although life expectancy and mortality rates have improved over the last two decades, the nearly universal practice of female genital cutting continues to contribute to high infant and maternal mortality rates. Guinea’s total fertility remains high at about 5 children per woman because of the ongoing preference for larger families, low contraceptive usage and availability, a lack of educational attainment and empowerment among women, and poverty. A lack of literacy and vocational training programs limit job prospects for youths, but even those with university degrees often have no option but to work in the informal sector. About 60% of the country’s large youth population is unemployed.

Tensions and refugees have spilled over Guinea’s borders with Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Cote d’Ivoire. During the 1990s Guinea harbored as many as half a million refugees from Sierra Leone and Liberia, more refugees than any other African country for much of that decade. About half sought refuge in the volatile "Parrot’s Beak" region of southwest Guinea, a wedge of land jutting into Sierra Leone near the Liberian border. Many were relocated within Guinea in the early 2000s because the area suffered repeated cross-border attacks from various government and rebel forces, as well as anti-refugee violence.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 41.4% (male 2,473,486 /female 2,435,139)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 19.23% (male 1,145,488 /female 1,134,103)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 30.8% (male 1,827,246 /female 1,824,162)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.72% (male 269,995 /female 289,164)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.85% (male 203,754 /female 252,874) (2018 est.)


[see also: Age structure - 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:population pyramid
This is the population pyramid for Guinea. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 84.2 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 78.6 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 17.8 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 19 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 18.8 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 19.3 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 204

Population growth rate:
2.75% (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
36.4 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
8.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
areas of highest density are in the west and south; interior is sparsely populated

Urbanization:
urban population: 36.1% of total population (2018)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.54% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
1.843 million CONAKRY (capital) (2018)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Mother's mean age at first birth:
18.9 years (2012 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
679 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 55.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 60.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 50.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 19

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 62.1 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 60.4 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 64 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 201
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
4.98 children born/woman (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
8.7% (2016)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.6% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 119
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 92.7% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 67.4% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 76.8% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 7.3% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 32.6% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 23.2% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 34.1% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 11.8% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 20.1% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 65.9% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 88.2% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 79.9% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - total country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
1.5% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
120,000 (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
5,100 (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever (2016)
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)
aerosolized dust or soil contact diseases: Lassa fever (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
7.7% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 158
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
18.3% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 30
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
2.4% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 166
[see also: Education expenditures country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
total population: 30.4% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 38.1% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 22.8% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years (2014)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - total country ranks ]
male: 10 years (2014)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - male country ranks ]
female: 8 years (2014)
[see also: School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 1% (2012 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 1.5% (2012 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 0.6% (2012 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 171


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Guinea on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea PEOPLE 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guinea PEOPLE 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






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