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Guinea People - 2024


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


13,607,249 (2023 est.)


noun: Guinean(s)

adjective: Guinean

Ethnic groups

Fulani (Peuhl) 33.4%, Malinke 29.4%, Susu 21.2%, Guerze 7.8%, Kissi 6.2%, Toma 1.6%, other/foreign 0.4% (2018 est.)


French (official), Pular, Maninka, Susu, other native languages

note: about 40 languages are spoken; each ethnic group has its own language


Muslim 89.1%, Christian 6.8%, animist 1.6%, other 0.1%, none 2.4% (2014 est.)

Demographic profile

Guinea’s strong population growth is a result of declining mortality rates and sustained elevated fertility. The population growth rate was somewhat tempered in the 2000s because of a period of net outmigration. Although life expectancy and mortality rates have improved over the last two decades, the nearly universal practice of female genital cutting continues to contribute to high infant and maternal mortality rates. Guinea’s total fertility remains high at about 5 children per woman as of 2022 because of the ongoing preference for larger families, low contraceptive usage and availability, a lack of educational attainment and empowerment among women, and poverty. A lack of literacy and vocational training programs limit job prospects for youths, but even those with university degrees often have no option but to work in the informal sector. About 60% of the country’s large youth population is unemployed.

Tensions and refugees have spilled over Guinea’s borders with Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Cote d’Ivoire. During the 1990s Guinea harbored as many as half a million refugees from Sierra Leone and Liberia, more refugees than any other African country for much of that decade. About half sought refuge in the volatile "Parrot’s Beak" region of southwest Guinea, a wedge of land jutting into Sierra Leone near the Liberian border. Many were relocated within Guinea in the early 2000s because the area suffered repeated cross-border attacks from various government and rebel forces, as well as anti-refugee violence.

Age structure

0-14 years: 40.96% (male 2,809,865/female 2,763,294)

15-64 years: 55.05% (male 3,741,047/female 3,749,281)

65 years and over: 4% (2023 est.) (male 245,323/female 298,439)

2023 population pyramid:

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 82.4

youth dependency ratio: 76.3

elderly dependency ratio: 6.1

potential support ratio: 16.3 (2021 est.)

Median age

total: 19.3 years (2023 est.)

male: 19.1 years

female: 19.6 years

Population growth rate

2.75% (2023 est.)

Birth rate

35.5 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate

8 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution

areas of highest density are in the west and south; interior is sparsely populated as shown in this


urban population: 38.1% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 3.64% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

Major urban areas - population

2.111 million CONAKRY (capital) (2023)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

19.9 years (2018 est.)

note: data represents median age at first birth among women 20-49

Maternal mortality ratio

553 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 48.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

male: 53 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 43.5 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 64.3 years (2023 est.)

male: 62.4 years

female: 66.2 years

Total fertility rate

4.82 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Gross reproduction rate

2.37 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

10.9% (2018)

Drinking water source

improved: urban: 99.5% of population

rural: 76.9% of population

total: 85.2% of population

unimproved: urban: 0.5% of population

rural: 23.1% of population

total: 14.8% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure

4% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density

0.23 physicians/1,000 population (2018)

Hospital bed density

0.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 90.9% of population

rural: 38.7% of population

total: 58% of population

unimproved: urban: 9.1% of population

rural: 61.3% of population

total: 42% of population (2020 est.)

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: very high (2023)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever

vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and sexually transmitted diseases: hepatitis B (2024)

water contact diseases: schistosomiasis

animal contact diseases: rabies

aerosolized dust or soil contact diseases: Lassa fever

note:  on 20 September 2023, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated a Travel Health Alert for a diphtheria outbreak in several states in Guinea; vaccination against diphtheria is essential to protect against disease; if you are traveling to an affected area, you should be up to date with your diphtheria vaccines; before travel, discuss the need for a booster dose with your healthcare professional; diphtheria is a serious infection caused by strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae bacteria that make a toxin from which people get very sick; diphtheria bacteria spread from person to person through respiratory droplets like from coughing or sneezing; people can also get sick from touching open sores or ulcers of people sick with diphtheria (see attached map)

Diphtheria outbreak in Guinea.:

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

7.7% (2016)

Alcohol consumption per capita

total: 0.33 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

beer: 0.29 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

wine: 0.01 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

spirits: 0.03 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

other alcohols: 0 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

16.3% (2018)

Currently married women (ages 15-49)

68.7% (2023 est.)

Child marriage

women married by age 15: 17%

women married by age 18: 46.5%

men married by age 18: 1.9% (2018 est.)

Education expenditures

2.2% of GDP (2020 est.)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 45.3%

male: 61.2%

female: 31.3% (2021)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 9 years

male: 10 years

female: 8 years (2014)

NOTE: The information regarding Guinea on this page is re-published from the 2024 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea 2024 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guinea 2024 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 04 May 24, Copyright © 2024 ITA all rights reserved.