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Honduras Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/honduras/honduras_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Honduras Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua

Geographic coordinates:
15 00 N, 86 30 W

Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total: 112,090 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 111,890 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 200 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 103

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than Tennessee
Area comparison map: slightly larger than Tennessee

Land boundaries:
total: 1,575 km
border countries (3): Guatemala 244 km, El Salvador 391 km, Nicaragua 940 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
823 km (Caribbean Sea 669 km, Gulf of Fonseca 163 km)
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: natural extension of territory or to 200 nm

Climate:
subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains

Terrain:
mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains

Elevation:
mean elevation: 684 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m

Natural resources:
timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 28.8% arable land 9.1%; permanent crops 4%; permanent pasture 15.7%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 45.3%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 25.9% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
900 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
most residents live in the mountainous western half of the country; unlike other Central American nations, Honduras is the only one with an urban population that is distributed between two large centers - the capital of Tegucigalpa and the city of San Pedro Sula; the Rio Ulua valley in the north is the only densely populated lowland area

Natural hazards:
frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast

Environment - current issues:
urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water), as well as several rivers and streams, with heavy metals

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
has only a short Pacific coast but a long Caribbean shoreline, including the virtually uninhabited eastern Mosquito Coast


NOTE: The information regarding Honduras on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Honduras Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Honduras Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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