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Honduras PEOPLE 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/honduras/honduras_people.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Honduras PEOPLE 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Population:
8,893,259
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 94
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Honduran(s)
adjective: Honduran

Ethnic groups:
mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%

Languages:
Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects

Religions:
Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%

Demographic profile:
Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and has the world's highest murder rate. More than half of the population lives in poverty and per capita income is one of the lowest in the region. Poverty rates are higher among rural and indigenous people and in the south, west, and along the eastern border than in the north and central areas where most of Honduras' industries and infrastructure are concentrated. The increased productivity needed to break Honduras' persistent high poverty rate depends, in part, on further improvements in educational attainment. Although primary-school enrollment is near 100%, educational quality is poor, the drop-out rate and grade repetition remain high, and teacher and school accountability is low. Honduras' population growth rate has slowed since the 1990s, but it remains high at nearly 2% annually because the birth rate averages approximately three children per woman and more among rural, indigenous, and poor women. Consequently, Honduras' young adult population - ages 15 to 29 - is projected to continue growing rapidly for the next three decades and then stabilize or slowly shrink. Population growth and limited job prospects outside of agriculture will continue to drive emigration. Remittances represent about a fifth of GDP.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 33.55% (male 1,524,195/female 1,459,679)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 21.09% (male 956,315/female 918,925)
[see also: Age structure 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 36.19% (male 1,627,072/female 1,591,025)
[see also: Age structure 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 4.99% (male 207,821/female 235,776)
[see also: Age structure 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 4.19% (male 161,734/female 210,717) (2016 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 57.8%
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 50.1%
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 7.7%
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 13.1% (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 22.6 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 22.3 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 23 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 174

Population growth rate:
1.64% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
22.8 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
5.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 181
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 144
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
most residents live in the mountainous western half of the country; unlike other Central American nations, Honduras is the only one with an urban population that is distributed between two large centers - the capital of Tegucigalpa and the city of San Pedro Sula; the Rio Ulua valley in the north is the only densely populated lowland area

Urbanization:
urban population: 54.7% of total population (2015)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.14% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
TEGUCIGALPA (capital) 1.123 million; San Pedro Sula 852,000 (2015)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth:
20.4
note: median age a first birth among women 25-29 (2011-12 est.)
[see also: Mother's mean age at first birth country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
129 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 69
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 17.7 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 20 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 15.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 96

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 71.1 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total country ranks ]
male: 69.5 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 72.8 years (2016 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 151

Total fertility rate:
2.72 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
73.2% (2011/12)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
8.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 48
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.37 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 97.4% of population rural: 83.8% of population total: 91.2% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - Improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 2.6% of population rural: 16.2% of population total: 8.8% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - Unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 86.7% of population rural: 77.7% of population total: 82.6% of population
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total Improved country ranks ]
unimproved: urban: 13.3% of population rural: 22.3% of population total: 17.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - Total UnImproved country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.37% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
20,000 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
1,000 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
16.3% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 106
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
7.1% (2012)
country comparison to the world: 76
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
5.9% of GDP (2013)
[see also: Education expenditures - percent of GDP country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 88.5%
[see also: Literacy - total country ranks ]
male: 88.4%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 88.6% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 11 years
[see also: School life expectancy - total country ranks ]
male: 11 years
[see also: School life expectancy - male country ranks ]
female: 12 years (2014)
[see also: School life expectancy - female country ranks ]

Child labor - children ages 5-14:
total number: 280,809
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - total number country ranks ]
percentage: 16% (2002 est.)
[see also: Child labor - children ages 5-14 - percentage country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 8%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 5.5%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 13.8% (2011 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 113


NOTE: The information regarding Honduras on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Honduras PEOPLE 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Honduras PEOPLE 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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