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Israel Geography 2017
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/israel/israel_geography.html
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Israel Geography 2017
SOURCE: 2017 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on January 12, 2017

Location:
Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon

Geographic coordinates:
31 30 N, 34 45 E

Map references:
Middle East

Area:
total: 20,770 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 20,330 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 440 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 154

Area - comparative:
slightly larger than New Jersey
Area comparison map: slightly larger than New Jersey

Land boundaries:
total: 1,068 km
border countries (6): Egypt 208 km, Gaza Strip 59 km, Jordan 307 km, Lebanon 81 km, Syria 83 km, West Bank 330 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
273 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation

Climate:
temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas

Terrain:
Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley

Elevation:
mean elevation: 508 m
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m

Natural resources:
timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand

Land use:
agricultural land: 23.8% arable land 13.7%; permanent crops 3.8%; permanent pasture 6.3%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 7.1%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 69.1% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
2,250 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
population concentrated in and around Tel-Aviv, as well as around the Sea of Galilee; the south remains sparsely populated with the exception of the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba

Natural hazards:
sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts; periodic earthquakes

Environment - current issues:
limited arable land and natural freshwater resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note:
Lake Tiberias (Sea of Galilee) is an important freshwater source; the Dead Sea is the second saltiest body of water in the world (after Lake Assal in Djibouti); in 2014, there were 423 settlements in the Israeli-occupied territories - 42 settlements in the Golan Heights, 381 sites in the occupied Palestinian territories to include 212 settlements and 134 outposts in the West Bank, and 35 settlements in East Jerusalem; there are no Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip because all were evacuated in 2005 (2014 est.)


NOTE: The information regarding Israel on this page is re-published from the 2017 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Israel Geography 2017 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel Geography 2017 should be addressed to the CIA.




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