Israel People - 2023


GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES  Spanish Simplified Chinese French German Russian Hindi Arabic Portuguese


9,043,387 (2023 est.) (includes populations of the Golan Heights or Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967)

note: approximately 227,100 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2019); following the March 2019 US recognition of the Golan Heights as being part of Israel, The World Factbook no longer includes Israeli settler population of the Golan Heights (estimated at 23,400 in 2019) in its overall Israeli settler total


noun: Israeli(s)

adjective: Israeli

Ethnic groups

Jewish 74% (of which Israel-born 78.7%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 14.8%, Africa-born 4.2%, Asia-born 2.3%), Arab 21.1%, other 4.9% (2020 est.)


Hebrew (official), Arabic (special status under Israeli law), English (most commonly used foreign language)

major-language sample(s):
ספר עובדות העולם, המקור החיוני למידע בסיסי (Hebrew)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.

Hebrew audio file:


Jewish 74%, Muslim 18%, Christian 1.9%, Druze 1.6%, other 4.5% (2020 est.)

MENA religious affiliation

Age structure

0-14 years: 25.96% (male 1,200,721/female 1,146,556)

15-64 years: 61.66% (male 2,839,124/female 2,737,054)

65 years and over: 12.38% (2023 est.) (male 506,536/female 613,396)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 66.9

youth dependency ratio: 47

elderly dependency ratio: 19.9

potential support ratio: 5 (2021 est.)

Median age

total: 30.4 years

male: 29.8 years

female: 31 years (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

1.43% (2023 est.)

Birth rate

17.3 births/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Death rate

5.05 deaths/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Net migration rate

1.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2023 est.)

Population distribution

population concentrated in and around Tel-Aviv, as well as around the Sea of Galilee; the south remains sparsely populated with the exception of the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba


urban population: 92.9% of total population (2023)

rate of urbanization: 1.51% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)

total population growth rate v. urban population growth rate, 2000-2030

Major urban areas - population

4.421 million Tel Aviv-Yafo, 1.174 million Haifa, 970,000 JERUSALEM (capital) (2023)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2023 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth

27.7 years (2019 est.)

Maternal mortality ratio

3 deaths/100,000 live births (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 3.49 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.75 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.22 deaths/1,000 live births (2023 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 83.54 years

male: 81.65 years

female: 85.53 years (2023 est.)

Total fertility rate

2.54 children born/woman (2023 est.)

Gross reproduction rate

1.24 (2023 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate


Drinking water source

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2020 est.)

Current health expenditure

8.3% of GDP (2020)

Physicians density

3.63 physicians/1,000 population (2020)

Hospital bed density

3 beds/1,000 population (2018)

Sanitation facility access

improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 99.3% of population

total: 99.9% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0.7% of population

total: 0.1% of population (2020 est.)

Major infectious diseases

note: on 22 March 2023, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a Travel Alert for polio in Asia; Israel is currently considered a high risk to travelers for circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses (cVDPV); vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) is a strain of the weakened poliovirus that was initially included in oral polio vaccine (OPV) and that has changed over time and behaves more like the wild or naturally occurring virus; this means it can be spread more easily to people who are unvaccinated against polio and who come in contact with the stool or respiratory secretions, such as from a sneeze, of an “infected” person who received oral polio vaccine; the CDC recommends that before any international travel, anyone unvaccinated, incompletely vaccinated, or with an unknown polio vaccination status should complete the routine polio vaccine series; before travel to any high-risk destination, the CDC recommends that adults who previously completed the full, routine polio vaccine series receive a single, lifetime booster dose of polio vaccine

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

26.1% (2016)

Alcohol consumption per capita

total: 3.07 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

beer: 1.78 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

wine: 0.08 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

spirits: 1.16 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

other alcohols: 0.04 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est.)

Tobacco use

total: 21.2% (2020 est.)

male: 28.9% (2020 est.)

female: 13.5% (2020 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight


Currently married women (ages 15-49)

51.7% (2023 est.)

Education expenditures

7.1% of GDP (2020 est.)


definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97.8%

male: 98.7%

female: 96.8% (2011)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 16 years

male: 15 years

female: 17 years (2020)

Youth unemployment rate (ages 15-24)

total: 8.8%

male: 8.4%

female: 9.2% (2021 est.)

NOTE: The information regarding Israel on this page is re-published from the 2023 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Israel 2023 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel 2023 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page.

This page was last modified 06 Dec 23, Copyright © 2023 ITA all rights reserved.