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Libya PEOPLE 2019

SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Libya PEOPLE 2019
SOURCE: 2019 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 08, 2019

Population:
6,754,507 (July 2017 est.) (July 2018 est.)
note: immigrants make up just over 12% of the total population, according to UN data (2017)
country comparison to the world: 107
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Nationality:
noun: Libyan(s)
adjective: Libyan

Ethnic groups:
Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)

Languages:
Arabic (official), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities); Berber (Nafusi, Ghadamis, Suknah, Awjilah, Tamasheq)

Religions:
Muslim (official; virtually all Sunni) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, Buddhist 0.3%, Hindu <0.1, Jewish <0.1, folk religion <0.1, unafilliated 0.2%, other <0.1 (2010 est.)
note: non-Sunni Muslims include native Ibadhi Muslims (<1% of the population) and foreign Muslims

Demographic profile:
Despite continuing unrest, Libya remains a destination country for economic migrants. It is also a hub for transit migration to Europe because of its proximity to southern Europe and its lax border controls. Labor migrants have been drawn to Libya since the development of its oil sector in the 1960s. Until the latter part of the 1990s, most migrants to Libya were Arab (primarily Egyptians and Sudanese). However, international isolation stemming from Libya’s involvement in international terrorism and a perceived lack of support from Arab countries led QADHAFI in 1998 to adopt a decade-long pan-African policy that enabled large numbers of sub-Saharan migrants to enter Libya without visas to work in the construction and agricultural industries. Although sub-Saharan Africans provided a cheap labor source, they were poorly treated and were subjected to periodic mass expulsions.

By the mid-2000s, domestic animosity toward African migrants and a desire to reintegrate into the international community motivated QADHAFI to impose entry visas on Arab and African immigrants and to agree to joint maritime patrols and migrant repatriations with Italy, the main recipient of illegal migrants departing Libya. As his regime neared collapse in 2011, QADHAFI reversed his policy of cooperating with Italy to curb illegal migration and sent boats loaded with migrants and asylum seekers to strain European resources. Libya’s 2011 revolution decreased immigration drastically and prompted nearly 800,000 migrants to flee to third countries, mainly Tunisia and Egypt, or to their countries of origin. The inflow of migrants declined in 2012 but returned to normal levels by 2013, despite continued hostility toward sub-Saharan Africans and a less-inviting job market.

While Libya is not an appealing destination for migrants, since 2014, transiting migrants – primarily from East and West Africa – continue to exploit its political instability and weak border controls and use it as a primary departure area to migrate across the central Mediterranean to Europe in growing numbers. In addition, more than 200,000 people were displaced internally as of August 2017 by fighting between armed groups in eastern and western Libya and, to a lesser extent, by inter-tribal clashes in the country’s south.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 25.53% (male 882,099 /female 842,320)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 16.81% (male 582,247 /female 553,004)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 47.47% (male 1,684,019 /female 1,522,027)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 5.77% (male 197,196 /female 192,320)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 4.43% (male 147,168 /female 152,107) (2018 est.)


[see also: Age structure - 65 years and over country ranks ]
population pyramid:population pyramid
This is the population pyramid for Libya. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 49.1 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 42.6 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 6.4 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 15.5 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 29.4 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 29.5 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 29.2 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 125

Population growth rate:
1.45% (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 77
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
17.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
3.7 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 215
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 48
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
well over 90% of the population lives along the Mediterranean coast in and between Tripoli to the west and Al Bayda to the east; the interior remains vastly underpopulated due to the Sahara and lack of surface water

Urbanization:
urban population: 80.1% of total population (2018)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 1.68% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
1.158 million TRIPOLI (capital), 799,000 Benghazi, 801,000 Misratah (2018)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 1.1 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 1.01 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
9 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 152
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 10.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 11.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 9.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 130

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 76.9 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - total population country ranks ]
male: 75.1 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 78.7 years (2018 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 83
[See also: Healthy Life Expectancy ]
[See also: Health Performance ]

Total fertility rate:
2.03 children born/woman (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 141
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
2.09 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
3.7 beds/1,000 population (2014)
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 54.2% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 54.9% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 54.4% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 45.8% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 45.1% of population
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 45.6% of population (2001 est.)
[see also: Drinking water source - unimproved - total country ranks ]

Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 96.8% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 95.7% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - rural country ranks ]
total: 96.6% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - improved - total country ranks ]
unimproved:

urban: 3.2% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - urban country ranks ]
rural: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - rural country ranks ]
total: 3.4% of population (2015 est.)
[see also: Sanitation facility access - unimproved - total country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
32.5% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 16
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
NA
[see also: Education expenditures country ranks ]

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)
total population: 91% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 96.7% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 85.6% (2015 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 48.7% (2012 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 40.8% (2012 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 67.8% (2012 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 6


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Libya on this page is re-published from the 2019 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Libya PEOPLE 2019 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Libya PEOPLE 2019 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 08-Feb-19
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