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Libya Terrorism 2018

SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Libya Terrorism 2018
SOURCE: 2018 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Terrorist groups - home based:
Ansar al-Shari'a in Benghazi: aim(s): install Sharia in Libya area(s) of operation: engages in frequent assassinations of security officials and political figures in the east, mostly in Benghazi; operates as a member of the Benghazi Revolutionaries Shura Council, a coalition of jihadist groups combating the Libyan Ground Forces; on 11 September 2012, members participated in launching mortar attacks and ransackings at the US Special Mission and Annex in Benghazi that killed four people, including US Ambassador Christopher STEVENS; majority of members are Libyans and some are former Libyan Islamic Fighting Group members
Ansar al-Shari'a in Darnah: aim(s): install Sharia in Libya area(s) of operation: engages in frequent assassinations of security officials and political figures in the east, mostly in Darnah; operates as a member group of the Darnah Mujahidin Shura Council, a coalition of jihadist groups combating the Libyan Ground Forces; on 11 September 2012, members participated in launching mortar attacks and ransackings at the US Special Mission and Annex in Benghazi that killed four people, including US Ambassador Christopher STEVENS; majority of members are Libyans and some are former Libyan Islamic Fighting Group members
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant's Branch in Libya (ISIL-Libya): aim(s): prevent a unitary Libyan state from reconstituting, secure control over the country's critical resources and, ultimately, establish an Islamic caliphate in Libya area(s) of operation: based in Libya since circa 2015, with its original headquarters in Sirte; organized in the following Libya-based wilayats (provinces): Wilayat Tarabulus (west), Wilayat Barqa (northeast), and Wilayat Fezzan (southeast); ISIL-Libya no longer controls territory in Libya, but does maintain a low-profile presence throughout much of the country; was previously known before 2017 to have operated paramilitary training camps, collected taxes, directed religious education, broadcasted its messages on radio, and enforced its strict interpretation of Sharia; prior to Libyan Military forces and their foreign allies confronting ISIL-Libya, the group was assessed in 2016 to have had a growing presence with 1,000 of the 4,000-6,000 fighters based in Surt, a key oil exporting center, dedicated to taking control of oil fields to generate revenue; Libyan Government officials and Western allies collaborated to keep chemical weapons left over from the al-QADHAFI regime out of the group's reach; has engaged heavily in recruiting Libyan youth, including some from Colonel Muammar al-QADHAFI's tribe, and among his former army officers; current personnel strength is unknown

Terrorist groups - foreign based:
al-Mulathamun Battalion: aim(s): replace regional governments, including Libya's transitional government, with an Islamic state area(s) of operation: maintains an operational presence; engages heavily in kidnappings for ransom
al-Qa'ida (AQ): aim(s): bolster networks in Libya and, ultimately, establish a pan-Islamic caliphate under a strict Salafi Muslim interpretation of Sharia area(s) of operation: maintains a growing presence operating training camps and safehavens; stages attacks in Libya against Egypt and Tunisia
al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM): aim(s): replace Libya's transitional government with Sharia and, ultimately, establish a regional Islamic caliphate across all of North and West Africa area(s) of operation: maintains an operational presence, primarily in the western and southern regions; centered mostly on kidnappings for ransom
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL): aim(s): bolster its affiliate ISIL-Libya and enhance operational planning and logistics networks for staging attacks inside Tunisia area(s) of operation: stages attacks in Libya against Tunisia along the Libya-Tunisia border; collaborates with its affiliate ISIL-Libya
Mujahidin Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem (MSC): aim(s): enhance its networks in Libya and, ultimately, destroy the state of Israel area(s) of operation: maintains limited networks for operational planning, logistics, transferring funds, and smuggling fighters and arms to be used against Israel; by 2017, the majority of veteran members had defected to join other groups


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Libya on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Libya Terrorism 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Libya Terrorism 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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